Table of Contents
ISRN Nutrition
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 359727, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/359727
Research Article

Food Value of Two Varieties of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Commonly Consumed in Nigeria

Department of Biochemistry, Ekiti State University, PMB 5363, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

Received 13 November 2012; Accepted 2 January 2013

Academic Editors: V. Pialoux and Y.-M. Wang

Copyright © 2013 Olubunmi B. Ajayi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Tepe, M. Sokmen, H. A. Akpulat, and A. Sokmen, “Screening of the antioxidant potentials of six Salvia species from Turkey,” Food Chemistry, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 200–204, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Yoshikawa, S. Hatakeyama, N. Chatani, Y. Nishino, and J. Yamahara, “Qualitative and quantitative analysis of bioactive principles in Zingiberis rhizoma by means of high performance liquid chromatography and gas liquid chromatography. On the evaluation of Zingiberis Rhizoma and chemical change of constituents during Zingiberis rhizoma processing,” Yakugaku Zasshi, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 307–315, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Bliddal, A. Rosetzsky, P. Schlichting et al., “A randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of ginger extracts and Ibuprofen in osteoarthritis,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 9–12, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Mascolo, R. Jain, S. C. Jain, and F. Capasso, “Ethnopharmacologic investigation of ginger (Zingiber officinale),” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 27, no. 1-2, pp. 129–140, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Phillips, R. Ruggier, and S. E. Hutchinson, “Forum. Zingiber officinale (Ginger)—an antiemetic for day case surgery,” Anaesthesia, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 715–717, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. U. Jana, R. N. Chattopadhyay, and B. P. Shaw, “Preliminary studies on anti-inflammatory activity of Zingiber officinale rosc., Vitex negundo Linn. and Tinospora cordifolia (Willid) miers in albino rats,” Indian Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 232–233, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. R. Okalebo, K. W. Gathua, and P. L. Woomer, Laboratory Methods of Soil and Plant Analysis: A Working Manual, TSBF-CIAT and SACRED Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, 2nd edition, 2002.
  8. AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA, 17th edition, 2002.
  9. J. B. Harbone, Textbook of Phytochemical Methods, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1973.
  10. A. A. Belschant, C. K. Lyon, and G. O. Kohler, “Sunflower, safflower, sesame and castor proteins,” in Food Protein Sources, N. W. Pirie, Ed., pp. 79–104, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1975. View at Google Scholar
  11. O. O. Odebiyi and E. A. Sofowora, “Phytochemical screening of Nigerian medicinal plants,” in Proceedings of the 2nd OAU/STRC Inter-African Symposium on Traditional Pharmacopoeia and African Medicinal Plants, vol. 115, pp. 216–220, Lagos, Nigeria, 1979.
  12. A. A. Oshodi, K. O. Esuoso, and E. T. Akintayo, “Proximate and amino acid composition of some under-utilized Nigerian legume flour and protein concentrate,” La Rivista Italiana Delle Sustanze Grasse, vol. 75, pp. 409–412, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  13. FAO/WHO, Protein Quality Evaluation Report of Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation FAO. Food and Nutrient, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1991.
  14. V. U. Temple, L. Odewunmi, and K. Joseph, “Soybeans and soybean based diets,” in Proceeding of the 3rd Regional Workshop on Rural Development, pp. 45–50, Jos, Nigeria, July-August 1991.
  15. A. A. Yusuf and A. A. Lasisi, “Comparative analysis of horse eye (Dioclea reflexa) seed flour and its cake,” Agricultural Journal, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. I. Akpata and O. E. Miachi, “Proximate composition and selected functional properties of Detarium microcarpum,” Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 297–302, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. C. Ojimelukwe, J. C. Onweluzo, and E. Okechukwu, “Effects of infestation on the nutrient content and physiocochemical properties of two cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties,” Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 321–332, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H. O. kwanashie, J. A. Elegbede, A. A. Shittu, I. I. Onaja, and J. J. Omagie, “Studies on the formulation and performance of a local laboratory animal feed,” Journal of Animal Production Research, vol. 12, pp. 55–68, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  19. C. Parquet, Standard Methods for the Analysis of Oils, Fats and Derivatives, IUPAC, 6th edition, 1974.
  20. V. A. Aletor and O. A. Omodara, “Studies on some leguminous browse plants, with particular reference to their proximate, mineral and some endogenous anti-nutritional constituents,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 46, no. 3-4, pp. 343–348, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. I. Adeyeye, “Determination of the chemical composition of the nutritionally valuable parts of male and female common West African fresh water crab Sudananautes africanus,” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 189–196, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. Arinathan, V. R. Mohan, and A. J. de Britto, “Chemical composition of certain tribal pulses in South India,” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 209–217, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. National Research Council (NRC), Recommended Dietary Allowances, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA, 1989.
  24. N. M. Nwinuka, G. O. Ibeh, and G. I. Ekeke, “Proximate composition and levels of toxicants in four commonly consumed spices,” Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, vol. 9, pp. 150–155, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  25. I. G. Adanlawo and F. A. S. Dairo, “Nutrient and anti- nutrient constituents of ginger (Zingiber officinale, Roscoe) and the influence of its ethanolic extract on some serum enzymes in albino rats,” International Journal of Biological Chemistry, no. 1, pp. 38–46, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  26. D. L. Smith, “Calcium oxalate and carbonate deposits in plant cells,” in The Role of Calcium in Biological System, L. J. Anghileri and A. M. Tuffet-Anghileri, Eds., pp. 253–261, CRC Press, Poca Ratoa, Fla, USA, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  27. W. Oleszek, K. R. Price, I. J. Colquhoun, M. Jurzysta, M. Ploszynski, and G. R. Fenwick, “Isolation and identification of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) root saponins: their activity in relation to a fungal bioassay,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1810–1817, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. O. Agbede, Biochemical composition and nutritive quality of the seeds and leaf protein concentrates from under- utilized tree and herbaceous legumes [Ph.D. thesis], Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, 2000.
  29. A. M. Olaleke, O. Olorunfemi, and T. E. Akintayo, “Compositional evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and scarlet runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus) varieties grown in Nigeria,” Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 39–43, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. O. Olaofe, B. Y. Okiribiti, and M. O. Aremu, “Chemical evaluation of the nutritive value of smooth luffa (Luffa cylindrica ) seed's kernel,” Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 3444–3452, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. O. Aremu, O. Olaofe, S. K. Basu, G. Abdulazeez, and S. N. Acharya, “Processed cranberry bean (Phaseolus coccineus L.) seed flour for the African diet,” Canadian Journal of Plant Science, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 719–728, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. A. Oshodi, K. O. Esuoso, and E. T. Akintayo, “Proximate and amino acid composition of some under-utilized Nigerian legume flour and protein concentrate,” La Rivista Italiana Delle Sustanze Grasse, vol. 75, pp. 409–412, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  33. D. K. Salunkhe, S. S. Kadam, and J. K. Chavan, CRC Postharvest Biotechnology of Food Legumes, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1985.
  34. O. Olaofe, F. O. Adeyemi, and G. O. Adediran, “Amino acid and mineral compositions and functional properties of some oilseeds,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 878–881, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. FAO/WHO/UNU, Energy and protein requirement. Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultAtion World health Organization Technica Report Series 724, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 1985.
  36. K. T. Augusti, “Therapeutic values of onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.),” Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 634–640, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. Grontved and M. H. Pittler, “Ginger root against sickness. A controlled trial on the open sea,” British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 84, pp. 367–371, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. M. O. Aremu, C. C. Nweze, and P. Alade, “Evaluation of protein and amino acid composition of selected spices grown in the middle belt region of Nigeria,” Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 991–995, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar