Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 369147, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/369147
Research Article

Force Transfer and Stress Distribution in an Implant-Supported Overdenture Retained with a Hader Bar Attachment: A Finite Element Analysis

1Department of Prosthodontics, The Oxford Dental College & Research Hospital, Bommanhalli, Hosur Road, Bangalore 68, India
2Department of Prosthodontics, Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India
3Department of Prosthodontics, Ahmedabad Dental College, India

Received 29 August 2013; Accepted 26 September 2013

Academic Editors: M. Behr and L. Levin

Copyright © 2013 Preeti Satheesh Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objectives. A key factor for the long-term function of a dental implant is the manner in which stresses are transferred to the surrounding bone. The effect of adding a stiffener to the tissue side of the Hader bar helps to reduce the transmission of the stresses to the alveolar bone. But the ideal thickness of the stiffener to be attached to the bar is a subject of much debate. This study aims to analyze the force transfer and stress distribution of an implant-supported overdenture with a Hader bar attachment. The stiffener of the bar attachments was varied and the stress distribution to the bone around the implant was studied. Methods. A CT scan of edentulous mandible was used and three models with 1, 2, and 3 mm thick stiffeners were created and subjected to loads of emulating the masticatory forces. These different models were analyzed by the Finite Element Software (Ansys, Version 8.0) using von Mises stress analysis. Results. The results showed that the maximum stress concentration was seen in the neck of the implant for models A and B. In model C the maximum stress concentration was in the bar attachment making it the model with the best stress distribution, as far as implant failures are concerned. Conclusion. The implant with Hader bar attachment with a 3 mm stiffener is the best in terms of stress distribution, where the stress is concentrated at the bar and stiffener regions.