Table of Contents
ISRN Gastroenterology
Volume 2013, Article ID 415450, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/415450
Clinical Study

Changes in Plasma Ghrelin and Serum Leptin Levels after Cisplatin-Based Transcatheter Arterial Infusion Chemotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

1Department of Gastroenterology and Nephrology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba City 260-8670, Japan
2Department of Endoscopic Diagnostics and Therapeutics, Chiba University Hospital, Chiba City 260-8670, Japan
3Hongo Avenue Medical Clinics, Chiba City 262-0033, Japan
4Department of Gastroenterology, Chiba Cancer Center, Chiba City 260-8717, Japan

Received 16 January 2013; Accepted 17 February 2013

Academic Editors: U. Klinge, T. Miyazaki, T. Okumura, and S. C. Shih

Copyright © 2013 Tomoaki Matsumura et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objective. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is widely recognized to cause severe gastrointestinal disorders like nausea, vomiting, and appetite loss. The aim of this study was to assess whether cisplatin-based transcatheter arterial infusion (TAI) chemotherapy reduces plasma ghrelin levels and food intake in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Methods. Seventeen patients with HCC who underwent cisplatin-based TAI chemotherapy (80–100 mg/body) were enrolled in this study. Changes in peptide hormones, including ghrelin and leptin, as well as cytokines, were measured before and after chemotherapy. Appetite was evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) and food intake was scored by eleven stages (0–10). Results. Appetite and food intake were significantly decreased after chemotherapy ( ). Plasma acylated ghrelin levels before therapy and at day 1, day 7, and day 14 after chemotherapy were 10.4 ± 7.2, 4.7 ± 4.7, 11.7 ± 8.9, and 9.3 ± 6.6 fmol/mL, respectively. The level on day 1 was decreased significantly ( ). In contrast, the levels of leptin, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) on day 1 were increased significantly ( ). Conclusions. TAI for HCC reduced plasma acylated ghrelin levels, appetite, and food intake significantly. In addition, it increased serum leptin levels.