Table of Contents
ISRN Anatomy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 424058, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/424058
Research Article

The Posterior Epidural Ligaments: A Cadaveric and Histological Investigation in the Lumbar Region

1Division of Biomedical Sciences (Anatomy), St. George’s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK
2Department of Orthopaedics, St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, London SW170QT, UK
3Department of Histopathology, Frimley Park Hospital NHS Trust, London GU16 7UJ, UK

Received 22 July 2013; Accepted 21 August 2013

Academic Editors: N. Boari, E. Dennett, M. Guvencer, and P. Hebbard

Copyright © 2013 M. J. Connor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. A. Deyo, S. K. Mirza, and B. I. Martin, “Back pain prevalence and visit rates: estimates from U.S. national surveys, 2002,” Spine, vol. 31, no. 23, pp. 2724–2727, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. N. Weinstein, J. D. Lurie, P. R. Olson, K. K. Bronner, and E. S. Fisher, “United States' trends and regional variations in lumbar spine surgery: 1992–2003,” Spine, vol. 31, no. 23, pp. 2707–2714, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. P. Cammisa Jr., F. P. Girardi, P. K. Sangani, H. K. Parvataneni, S. Cadag, and H. S. Sandhu, “Incidental durotomy in spine surgery,” Spine, vol. 25, no. 20, pp. 2663–2667, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. I. Tafazal and P. J. Sell, “Incidental durotomy in lumbar spine surgery: incidence and management,” European Spine Journal, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 287–290, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. H. Khan, J. Rihn, G. Steele et al., “Postoperative management protocol for incidental dural tears during degenerative lumbar spine surgery: a review of 3,183 consecutive degenerative lumbar cases,” Spine, vol. 31, no. 22, pp. 2609–2613, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. W. Parke and R. Watanabe, “Adhesions of the ventral lumbar dura. An adjunct source of discogenic pain?” Spine, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 300–303, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Wadhwani, P. Loughenbury, and R. Soames, “The anterior dural (Hofmann) ligaments,” Spine, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 623–627, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. T. Kimmell, H. Dayoub, H. Shakir, and E. H. Sincoff, “Spinal dural attachments to the vertebral column: an anatomic report and review of the literature,” Surgical Neurology International, vol. 2, article 97, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. I. Solaroglu, O. Okutan, and E. Beskonakli, “The ATA and its surgical importance: a newly described ligament lying between the dural sac and the ligamentum flavum at the L5 level,” Spine, vol. 36, no. 16, pp. 1268–1272, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. S. An and L. G. Jenis, Complications of Spine Surgery: Treatment and Prevention, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2006.
  11. H. N. Herkowitz, J. Dvorak, G. Bell et al., “Section V: specific clinical entities,” in The Lumbar Spine, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  12. R. Kraemer, A. Wild, H. Haak, J. Herdmann, R. Krauspe, and J. Kraemer, “Classification and management of early complications in open lumbar microdiscectomy,” European Spine Journal, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 239–246, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus