Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 424592, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/424592
Review Article

Biomechanics and Load Resistance of Short Dental Implants: A Review of the Literature

1Endowed Chair of Oral Technology, Department of Prosthodontics, Preclinical Education and Dental Materials Science, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University, Welschnonnenstraße 17, 53111 Bonn, Germany
2Endowed Chair of Oral Technology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University, Welschnonnenstraße 17, 53111 Bonn, Germany
3Department of Prosthodontics, Gerodontology and Biomaterials, University of Greifswald, Walther-Rathenau-Strasse 42a, 17475 Greifswald, Germany

Received 20 March 2013; Accepted 14 April 2013

Academic Editors: Y. Abe, Z.-J. Liu, and G. H. Sperber

Copyright © 2013 Istabrak Hasan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper was aimed to review the studies published about short dental implants. In the focus were the works that investigated the effect of biting forces of the rate of marginal bone resorption around short implants and their survival rates. Bone deformation defined by strain was obviously higher around short implants than the conventional ones. The clinical outcomes of 6 mm short implants after 2 years showed a survival rate of 94% to 95% and lower survival rate (<80%) for 7 mm short implants after 3 to 6 years for single crown restorations. The short implants used for supporting fixed partial prostheses had a survival rate of 98.9%. Short implants can be considered as a good alternative implant therapy to support single crown or partial fixed restorations.