Table of Contents
ISRN Nephrology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 427230, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/427230
Clinical Study

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Related Risk Factors in Elderly of Southern Iran: A Population-Based Study

1Shiraz Nephro-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7193636154, Iran
2Internal Medicine, Shiraz Nephro-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7193636154, Iran
3VUMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4Social Determinat of Health Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Received 22 April 2013; Accepted 3 June 2013

Academic Editors: C. Escobar, D. Malhotra, and C. C. Sharpe

Copyright © 2013 Leila Malekmakan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a serious public health problem is growing in the elderly. This study aimed to assess CKD prevalence and its related risk factors in elderly population of Fars province. Methods. In this cross sectional study a total of 1190 elderly people are enrolled, and demographic and medical data were obtained. Data were analyzed by SPSS, and P of less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results. Prevalence of CKD stages III–V was 27.5% in the 60–69 years age group, 36.5% in the 70–79 years age group, and 40% in the ≥80 years age group. The prevalence of CKD increased with ageing in both men and women. Female gender was the strongest risk factor for CKD. Conclusions. Prevalence of CKD in elderly is high in Southern Iran, which has become an important health problem while it can be prevented or delayed in progression.