Table of Contents
ISRN Psychiatry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 427417, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/427417
Research Article

Participatory Research for Preventing Pesticide-Related DSH and Suicide in Sundarban, India: A Brief Report

1Stuart Road Resource Centre, Northamptonshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Corby, Northants NN17 1RJ, UK
2Institute of Psychiatry, 7 D. L. Khan Road, Kolkata 700025, India

Received 17 February 2013; Accepted 16 March 2013

Academic Editors: J. K. Hirsch, I. M. Hunt, W. Pitchot, and C. Toni

Copyright © 2013 Arabinda N. Chowdhury et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a major public health problem in the Sundarban region, India. This study is aimed to develop a DSH-suicide prevention programme based on the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Perception and opinion of community about the problem of pesticide-related DSH and suicide were elicited in a series of facilitated focus group discussions in Namkhana block of Sundarban region. Based on their suggestion, a broad preventive programme was launched involving the development of information, education, and communication (IEC) and training modules and training of the stakeholders of the block. Most of the members of each target group found that the IEC materials were culture fair (message is acceptable, understandable, and meaningful in the local context) and very useful. Analysis of Dwariknagar BPHC, DSH admission data showed a definite reduction of DSH incidents after this CBPR approach to prevention was initiated. Similar model of DSH prevention in the other blocks of Sundarban region or in agricultural community may help to reduce the enormous mortality and morbidity from pesticide-related DSH and suicide.