Table of Contents
ISRN Chemical Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 457805, 9 pages
Research Article

Analytical Modelling of a Spray Column Three-Phase Direct Contact Heat Exchanger

1Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications (CORA), Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
2University of Misan, Misan, Iraq

Received 20 December 2012; Accepted 26 January 2013

Academic Editors: F. Banat, K. Okumura, and E. Sahle-Demessie

Copyright © 2013 Hameed B. Mahood et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An analytical model for the temperature distribution of a spray column, three-phase direct contact heat exchanger is developed. So far there were only numerical models available for this process; however to understand the dynamic behaviour of these systems, characteristic models are required. In this work, using cell model configuration and irrotational potential flow approximation characteristic models has been developed for the relative velocity and the drag coefficient of the evaporation swarm of drops in an immiscible liquid, using a convective heat transfer coefficient of those drops included the drop interaction effect, which derived by authors already. Moreover, one-dimensional energy equation was formulated involving the direct contact heat transfer coefficient, the holdup ratio, the drop radius, the relative velocity, and the physical phases properties. In addition, time-dependent drops sizes were taken into account as a function of vaporization ratio inside the drops, while a constant holdup ratio along the column was assumed. Furthermore, the model correlated well against experimental data.