Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 481030, 7 pages
Research Article

Development of a Composite Lifestyle Index and Its Relationship to Quality of Life Improvement: The CLI Pilot Study

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Creighton University, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178, USA

Received 3 July 2012; Accepted 16 September 2012

Academic Editors: C. Giannopoulou, B. Ni, and S. Semaan

Copyright © 2013 Thomas L. Lenz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An important component to optimal health is quality of life (QOL). Several healthy lifestyle behaviors have independently shown to improve QOL. The simultaneous implementation of multiple lifestyle behaviors is thought to be difficult, and the current literature lacks the assessment of multiple lifestyle behaviors simultaneously with respect to the effect on QOL. This current pilot study sought to develop a method to quantify multiple lifestyle behaviors into a single index value. This value was then measured with QOL for a possible correlation. The results showed that it is possible to convert multiple raw healthy lifestyle data points into a composite value and that an improvement in this value correlates to an improved QOL. After 12 months of participation in a cardiovascular risk reduction program, study participants ( ) demonstrated a 37.4% ( ) improvement in the composite lifestyle index (CLI). The improved CLI demonstrated a correlation with a statistically significant improvement in how participants rated their overall health in 12 months ( , ) as well as the number of self-reported unhealthy days per month in 12 months ( , ).