Table of Contents
ISRN Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013, Article ID 491942, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/491942
Research Article

Tuberculosis Characterization in a Special Population of Kidney Transplant Recipients

1Programa de Pós-graduação em Doenças Infecciosas, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, Brazil
2Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES, Brazil
3Laboratório de Epidemiologia, Avenue, Marechal Campos, 1468, Maruípe, Vitória, ES, Brazil

Received 7 August 2012; Accepted 23 August 2012

Academic Editors: D. Bachani, D.-D. Ji, T. Matsumoto, and D. Nardelli

Copyright © 2013 Barbara Reis-Santos and Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Setting. Tuberculosis clinical presentation is not typical in kidney transplant recipients and the diagnosis of active disease is usually delayed. Objective. To characterize tuberculosis presentation in Brazilian's kidney transplant recipients. Study Design. We analyzed the clinical records of tuberculosis cases regarding sociodemographic data and health history. Results. Thirteen TB cases were identified among 843 transplant recipients. The average time for TB development after transplantation was 4 years. Eight subjects presented pulmonary disease, seven patients required hospitalization Alertness to the possibility of TB and the careful evaluation for possible TB of all kidney transplant recipients with unexplained is vital, as is the related work of transplant and TB control teams and four died as a consequence of TB. Conclusion. The severe consequences of TB in posttransplantation can become critical.