Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 495037, 8 pages
Review Article

An Overview of the Malaria Control Programme in Zambia

1Directorate of Public Health and Research, National Malaria Control Centre, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 32509, Lusaka, Zambia
2Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa, PATH, P.O. Box 900922, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
3Global Malaria Programme, WHO Headquarters, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
4WHO Country Office, World Health Organization, P.O. Box 51449, Ridgeway, Lusaka, Zambia
5Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Copperbelt University, P.O. Box 71191, Ndola, Zambia

Received 5 October 2012; Accepted 4 November 2012

Academic Editors: E. M. Malik and M.-Y. Zhang

Copyright © 2013 Emmanuel Chanda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The Zambian national malaria control programme has made great progress in the fight against Malaria. The country has solid, consistent, and coordinated policies, strategies, and guidelines for malaria control, with government prioritizing malaria in both the National Health Strategic Plan and the National Development Plan. This has translated into high coverage of proven and effective key preventive, curative, and supportive interventions with concomitant marked reduction in both malaria cases and deaths. The achievements attained can be attributed to increased advocacy, communication and behaviour changes, efficient partnership coordination including strong community engagement, increased financial resources, and evidence-based deployment of key technical interventions in accordance with the national malaria control programme policy and strategic direction. The three-ones strategy has been key for increased and successful public-private sector partner coordination, strengthening, and mobilization. However, maintaining the momentum and the gains is critical as the programme strives to achieve universal coverage of evidence-based and proven interventions. The malaria control programme’s focus is to maintain the accomplishments, by mobilizing more resources and partners, increasing the government funding towards malaria control, scaling up and directing interventions based on epidemiological evidence, and strengthen active malaria surveillance and response to reduce transmission and to begin considering elimination.