Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2013, Article ID 529038, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/529038
Review Article

Role of Electrical Impedance Tomography in Clinical Practice in Pediatric Respiratory Medicine

Department of Pediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, ul. Wielicka 265, 30-663 Krakow, Poland

Received 31 October 2013; Accepted 8 December 2013

Academic Editors: G. J. Casimir, R. Hentschel, and S. A. Sarker

Copyright © 2013 Wojciech Durlak and Przemko Kwinta. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper summarizes current knowledge about electrical impedance tomography (EIT) and its present and possible applications in clinical practice in pediatric respiratory medicine. EIT is a relatively new technique based on real-time monitoring of bioimpedance. Its possible application in clinical practice related to ventilation and perfusion monitoring in children has gaine increasing attention in recent years. Most of the currently published data is based on studies performed on small and heterogenous groups of patients. Thus the results need to be corroborated in future well-designed clinical trials. Firstly a short theoretical overview summarizing physical principles and main advantages and disadvantages is provided. It is followed by a review of the current data regarding EIT application in ventilation distribution monitoring in healthy individuals. Finally the most important studies utilizing EIT in ventilation and perfusion monitoring in critically ill newborns and children are outlined.