Table of Contents
ISRN Neurology
Volume 2013, Article ID 548240, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/548240
Research Article

Therapeutic Effects of Tai Chi in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

1Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea
2Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
3Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea
4Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 138-736, Republic of Korea
5Department of Sports Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, 646 Eupnae-ri Shinchang-myeon, Asan-si, Chungnam-do 336-745, Republic of Korea

Received 17 July 2013; Accepted 15 September 2013

Academic Editors: G. Meco and T. Müller

Copyright © 2013 Hye-Jung Choi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week program of therapeutic Tai Chi on the motor function and physical function of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease patients (PDs). Methods. The participants were 22 clinically stable PDs in Hoehn-Yahr stages 1-2 randomly assigned to a therapeutic Tai Chi group (TTC, ) or a control group (CON, ). Two subjects in control group did not complete the study for personal reasons. TTC was performed three days a week (60 min/session). Motor symptoms by the UPDRS were assessed, and tests of physical function were administered before and after the 12-week trial. Results. The TTC group, as compared to the CON group, showed changes in the mentation, behavior, mood, and motor scales of the UPDRS ( , , resp.), with no significant main effects on the activities of daily living scale (ADL). However, there was a significant interaction between the time and intervention group on ADL ( ). There were no significant main effects for any of the physical function variables. There were significant interaction effects in balance and agility ( , resp.). Conclusions. This study showed that TTC training had modest positive effects on the functional status of Parkinson’s disease patients.