Table of Contents
ISRN Geriatrics
Volume 2013, Article ID 564342, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/564342
Research Article

Assessment of Malnutrition in Community Chinese Elderly: A Hidden Problem in a Developed Society

1Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 202, School of Public Health Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
2Jockey Club Centre for Osteoporosis Care and Control, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 318, School of Public Health Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong

Received 8 August 2012; Accepted 29 August 2012

Academic Editors: D. Chan and O. Weinreb

Copyright © 2013 Josette Sin-yee Chor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Malnutrition can lead to chronic disease especially in vulnerable population. This study is to explore the extent of the malnutrition problem in community Chinese elderly and its associating factors in Hong Kong. Method. This is a cross-sectional study using structured interview with 7-day food frequency questionnaires. 1960 men and 1954 women aged 65 or above were recruited from the community. Results. Less than half of the participants fulfilled the recommended intake level of the others. Less than 10% of participants met the daily requirement of fibre, Calcium, Vitamin D, Iodine, and Copper. 22.32% of male participants and 6.21% of female participants have cholesterol intake exceeding the recommended upper level. 41.19% men and 28.99% women exceeded the upper level of fat percentage of total energy. Educational level was demonstrated to have a consistent positive association with the adequate intake in most nutrients. Single or divorced marital status is a risk factor in over-intake of saturated fatty acid in men and under-intake in Zinc and meat in women. Conclusion. Our study has shown the serious malnutrition problem in a wide range of nutrients in community Chinese elderly in Hong Kong.