International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 5

Review Article

Evidence of Physiotherapy Interventions for Patients with Chronic Neck Pain: A Systematic Review of Randomised Controlled Trials

Table 5

(a) Exercise therapy, (b) manual therapy, and (c) electrotherapy.
(a)

AuthorAgendaSequence generationAllocation concealmentBlinding of participants, personnel, and outcome assessorsIncomplete outcome dataSelective outcome reportingOther sources of biasResult of summary assessment of risk of bias

Cunha et al. [31]Global posture reeducation + stretchingAdequateUnclearInadequateInadequateUnclearUnclearHigh
Dellve et al. [32]Myofeedback training + intensive strength trainingUnclearUnclearUnclearInadequateUnclearUnclearUnclear
Ehrenborg and Archenholtz [49]Biofeedback training + interdisciplinary rehabilitationAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearUnclearLow
Falla et al. [33]Endurance-strength exerciseAdequateUnclearInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateUnclear
Fitz-Ritson [50]Proprioception, eye-head-neck coordinationInadequateInadequateInadequateInadequateUnclearUnclear High
Griffiths et al. [34]Specific neck stabilisation exercises + general exercisesAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Gustavsson et al. [35]Multicomponent pain and stress self-management group intervention + individual physiotherapyAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Häkkinen et al. [36]Strength training + stretching AdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Jordan et al. [37] Intensive training + physiotherapy + chiropractic manipulation AdequateAdequateInadequateUnclearUnclearAdequateLow
Jull et al. [38]Proprioception, eye-head coordination + cranio-cervical flexionAdequateAdequateInadequateInadequateUnclearAdequateLow
Jull et al. [51]Multimodal physiotherapy programmeAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Jull et al. [39] Cranio-cervical flexion exercise + strength exercisesAdequateUnclearInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
O’Leary et al. [40]Cranio-cervical flexion + cervical flexion endurance trainingUnclearUnclearInadequateUnclearUnclearAdequateUnclear
Pato et al. [52] Cognitive behavioural therapy + multimodal physiotherapy + infiltration + medicationUnclearUnclearInadequateInadequateUnclearUnclearUnclear
Randløv et al. [41] Intensive training + light training AdequateUnclearInadequateUnclearUnclearAdequateUnclear
Revel et al. [42] Proprioception, eye-head-neck coordinationUnclearUnclearInadequateInadequateUnclearAdequateUnclear
Ryan [53] Strength training + endurance trainingUnclearUnclearInadequateInadequateUnclearUnclearHigh
Söderlund and Lindberg [54]Cognitive behavioural programme UnclearUnclearInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateUnclear
Stewart et al. [55] Exercise AdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateAdequateAdequateLow
Taimela et al. [43] Multimodal proprioceptive training + home exercises UnclearUnclearInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateUnclear
Viljanen et al. [44] Dynamic muscle training + relaxation trainingAdequateUnclearInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateUnclear
Vonk et al. [45] Behavioural graded activity + exerciseAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Waling et al. [46]Strength + endurance + coordination trainingUnclearUnclearInadequateInadequateUnclearAdequateHigh
Ylinen et al. [47] Intensive strength training + lighter endurance trainingAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Ylinen et al. [48]Stretching exercises + manual therapyAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow

(b)

AuthorAgendaSequence generationAllocation concealmentBlinding of participants, personnel, and outcome assessorsIncomplete outcome dataSelective outcome reportingOther sources of biasResult of summary assessment of risk of bias

Bronfort et al. [56]Manipulation + exerciseAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Lau et al. [57]Thoracic manipulationAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearUnclearLow
Martel et al. [58]Spinal manipulation + home exerciseAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateAdequateAdequateLow
Sherman et al. [59] Massage AdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Sillevis et al. [60]Thoracic manipulationAdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearunclearLow
Yaǧci et al. [61]Connective tissue massage + spray-stretch techniqueUnclearUnclearInadequateUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclear

(c)

AuthorAgendaSequence generationAllocation concealmentBlinding of participants, personnel, and outcome assessorsIncomplete outcome dataSelective outcome reportingOther sources of biasResult of summary assessment of risk of bias

Altan et al. [62]LaserUnclearUnclearAdequateInadequateUnclearUnclearUnclear
Chiu et al. [63]TENS AdequateAdequateInadequateAdequateUnclearAdequateLow
Chow et al. [64]LaserAdequateAdequateAdequateAdequateUnclearUnclearLow
Dundar et al. [65]Laser AdequateUnclearInadequateAdequateUnclearUnclearUnclear
Esenyel et al. [66]UltrasoundUnclearUnclearInadequateUnclear UnclearUnclear Unclear
Gam et al. [67]UltrasoundAdequateUnclearAdequateInadequateUnclearAdequateUnclear
Gur et al. [68] LaserAdequateUnclearInadequateUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclear
Özdemiret al. [69]LaserUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclear
Seidel and Uhlemann [70]LaserAdequateUnclearInadequateUnclearUnclearUnclearUnclear
Smania et al. [71]rMS + TENSAdequateUnclearInadequateUnclearAdequateUnclearUnclear
Thorsen et al. [72]LaserUnclearUnclearAdequateInadequateUnclearAdequateUnclear

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