Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 581027, 8 pages
Research Article

Adherence to Recommended Breast Cancer Screening in Iranian Turkmen Women: The Role of Knowledge and Beliefs

1Department of Public Health, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Km 2 Gorgan-Sari Road, Gorgan, Iran
2School of Health, Golestan university of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3Department of Surgery, School of Paramedic, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
4Department of Public Health, School of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
5School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
6Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr Branch, Azadshahr, Iran
7Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Received 24 December 2012; Accepted 26 January 2013

Academic Editors: C. M. d. S. Figueredo and A. Murshid

Copyright © 2013 Abdurrahman Charkazi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the current study was to investigate breast cancer screening performance among Iranian Turkmen women along with their knowledge and beliefs. A cross-sectional study was carried out in June to December 2011. Through clustered sampling method, 1080 Iranian Turkmen women completed the questionnaire including breast cancer screening adherence, knowledge, fatalism beliefs, and perceived threat using Champions Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS).The mean age of the participants was 43.04 (SD = 11.80) years. Compliance rate in a regular basis based on national guidelines was 13.1%, 2.5%, and 0.9% for SBE, CBE, and mammography, respectively. A mere 4% have been provided adequately with information about breast cancer. Having knowledge was the best predictor of breast cancer screening adherence along with high educated husbands for SBE performing. Susceptibility and fatalism were low and were influenced by participants’ educational level and age. In conclusion, Iranian Turkmen women had insufficient knowledge, low perceived susceptibility, high fatalistic belief, and very poor adherence to breast cancer screening. There is a need for providing breast cancer education programs among the Iranian Turkmen women to increase their adherence rate.