Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 581027, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/581027
Research Article

Adherence to Recommended Breast Cancer Screening in Iranian Turkmen Women: The Role of Knowledge and Beliefs

1Department of Public Health, School of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Km 2 Gorgan-Sari Road, Gorgan, Iran
2School of Health, Golestan university of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3Department of Surgery, School of Paramedic, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
4Department of Public Health, School of Health, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
5School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
6Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr Branch, Azadshahr, Iran
7Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Received 24 December 2012; Accepted 26 January 2013

Academic Editors: C. M. d. S. Figueredo and A. Murshid

Copyright © 2013 Abdurrahman Charkazi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts & Figures 2011, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga, USA, 2011.
  2. D. M. Parkin and L. M. G. Fernández, “Use of statistics to assess the global burden of breast cancer,” Breast Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. S70–S80, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Iranian Annual of National Cancer Registration Report 2006–2007, Ministry of Health Andmedical Education, Noncommunicable deputy, Cancer Office, 2008.
  4. I. Harrichi, M. Karbakhsh, A. Kashefi et al., “Breast cancer in Iran: results of a multi-center study,” Asian Pacific Journal Cancer Prevvention, vol. 5, pp. 24–27, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. S. Yarbrough and C. J. Braden, “Utility of health belief model as a guide for explaining or predicting breast cancer screening behaviours,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 677–688, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Z. Y. J. Lu, “Effectiveness of breast self-examination nursing interventions for Taiwanese community target groups,” Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 163–170, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Noroozi, T. Jomand, and R. Tahmasebi, “Determinants of breast self-examination performance among iranian women: an application of the health belief model,” Journal of Cancer Education, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 365–374, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. M. Clark and M. H. Becker, “Theoretical models and strategies for improving adherence and disease management,” in The Handbook of Health Behavior Change: Second Edition, S. Shumaker, E. B. Schron, J. K. Ockene, and W. L. McBee, Eds., pp. 5–32, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  9. T. Y. Wu, J. Bancroft, and B. Guthrie, “An integrative review on breast cancer screening practice and correlates among Chinese, Korean, Filipino, asnd Asian Indian American women,” Health Care for Women International, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 225–246, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Y. Wu, B. West, Y. W. Chen, and C. Hergert, “Health beliefs and practices related to breast cancer screening in Filipino, Chinese and Asian-Indian women,” Cancer Detection and Prevention, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 58–66, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. A. Harrison, P. D. Mullen, and L. W. Green, “A meta-analysis of studies of the health belief model with adults,” Health Education Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 107–116, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. V. L. Champion, “Revised susceptibility, benefits, and barriers scale for mammography screening,” Resarch Nursing Health, vol. 22, pp. 341–348, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  13. V. L. Champion, “Instrument refinement for breast cancer screening behaviors,” Nursing Research, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 139–143, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. H. Lee, J. S. Kim, and M. S. Song, “Translation and validation of Champion's Health Belief Model Scale with Korean women,” Cancer Nursing, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 391–395, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. V. L. Champion and C. R. Scott, “Reliability and validity of breast cancer screening belief scales in African American women,” Nursing Research, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 331–337, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Parsa, M. Kandiah, M. T. Mohd Nasir, A. R. Hejar, and M. Z. Nor Afiah, “Reliability and validity of Champion's Health Belief Model Scale for breast cancer screening among Malaysian women,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 897–903, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Secginli and N. O. Nahcivan, “Reliability and validity of the breast cancer screening belief scale among Turkish women,” Cancer Nursing, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 287–294, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. I. Mikhail and W. I. Petro-Nustas, “Transcultural adaptation of Champion's health belief model scales,” Journal of Nursing Scholar, vol. 33, pp. 159–165, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  19. T. Y. Wu and M. Y. Yu, “Reliability and validity of the mammography screening beliefs questionnaire among Chinese American women,” Cancer Nursing, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 131–142, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Taymoori and T. Berry, “The validity and reliability of champion's health belief model scale for breast cancer screening behaviors among Iranian women,” Cancer Nursing, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 465–472, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. D. Franklin, D. G. Schlundt, L. H. McClellan et al., “Religious fatalism and its association with health behaviors and outcomes,” The American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 563–572, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. T. Austin, F. Ahmad, M. J. McNally, and D. E. Stewart, “Breast and cervical cancer screening in Hispanic women: a literature review using the health belief model,” Women's Health Issues, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 122–128, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. S. Juon, Y. J. Seo, and M. T. Kim, “Breast and cervical cancer screening among Korean American elderly women,” European Journal of Oncology Nursing, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 228–235, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. Petro-Nustus and B. I. Mikhail, “Factors associated with breast self-examination among Jordanian women,” Public Health Nursing, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 263–271, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. I. A. Avci, “Factors associated with breast self-examination practices and beliefs in female workers at a Muslim community,” European Journal of Oncology Nursing, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 127–133, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. Banville, P. Desrosiers, and Y. Genet-Volet, “Translating questionnaires and inventories using a cross-cultural translation technique,” Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 374–377, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. F. Hadizadeh, “The effect of a training curriculum on attitude of female students about breast self-examination by using health belief model (HBM),” Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences, vol. 12, pp. 25–30, 2005 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Moodi, M. B. Mood, G. R. Sharifirad, H. Shahnazi, and G. Sharifzadeh, “Evaluation of breast self-examination program using health belief model in female students,” Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 316–322, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. Abedian Kasgari and T. Yagoubi T, “Health believes of women about performing mammography among clients referred to health centers in Sari, Iran,” Journal of Mazanderan University of Medical Sciences, vol. 7, pp. 683–688, 2011 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  30. A. Farshbaf Khalili, A. Ghahvechi, and S. H. Thorabi, “Performance conditions of breast cancer screening methods and its efficient factors among women referring to health centers of Tabriz,” Iranian Journal of Nursing Research, vol. 4, pp. 27–38, 2009 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  31. H. Karimi, “Effect of breast self-examination (BSE) education on increasing women’s knowledge and practice, Ramsar,” Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences, vol. 7, pp. 61–68, 2005 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  32. S. H. Banaeian and S. Kheiri S, “Knowledge, attitude and practice about breast cancer screening and related factors among women referred to health care centers in Boroujen in 2005,” Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, vol. 7, pp. 34–28, 2006 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  33. S. H. Mojahed and M. Dafei, “Nursing-midwifery BSE knowledge and practice in Yazd,” Journal of Yazd University of Medical Sciences, vol. 9, pp. 82–88, 2001 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  34. G. H. Godazandeh, A. R. Khalilian, Z. Atarod et al., “Knowledge and practice of above15years old females towards breast cancer prevention in Sari township, 2004,” Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, vol. 16, pp. 64–74, 2006 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  35. B. F. Enjezab and M. Bokaei, “Barriers and motivators related to cervical and breast cancer screening,” Journal of Yazd University of Medical Sciences, vol. 12, pp. 78–84, 2004 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  36. L. Gholizadeh and S. Mohamadhoseini, “Barriers related to clinical breast examination in women whoreferred to health and medical centers of Gachsaran,” Journal of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, vol. 3, pp. 55–63, 2008 (Persian). View at Google Scholar
  37. G. H. Alavi, A. S. Fattahi-Masoom, and M. T. Shakeri, “Evaluation of prevalence of cervical and breast cancer screening programs between gynecologists,” Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2010 (Persian). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. A. Soltanahmadi and B. Tirgari, “A survey on the rate and causes of women's participation or nonparticipation in breast and cervical cancers screening programs,” Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 37–46, 2010 (Persian). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. G. R. Sadler, C. M. Ko, J. A. Cohn, M. White, R. N. Weldon, and P. Wu, “Breast cancer knowledge, attitudes, and screening behaviors among African American women: the Black cosmetologists promoting health program,” BMC Public Health, vol. 7, article 57, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. S. Jarvandi, A. Montazeri, I. Harirchi, and A. Kazemnejad, “Beliefs and behaviours of Iranian teachers toward early detection of breast cancer and breast self-examination,” Public Health, vol. 116, no. 4, pp. 245–249, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Secginli and N. O. Nahcivan, “Factors associated with breast cancer screening behaviours in a sample of Turkish women: a questionnaire survey,” International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 161–171, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. Y. Fung, “Factors associated with breast self-examination behaviour among Chinese women in Hong Kong,” Patient Education and Counseling, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 233–243, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. C. Katapodi, K. A. Lee, N. C. Facione, and M. J. Dodd, “Predictors of perceived breast cancer risk and the relation between perceived risk and breast cancer screening: a meta-analytic review,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 388–402, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. N. Canbulat and Ö Uzun, “Health beliefs and breast cancer screening behaviors among female health workers in Turkey,” European Journal of Oncology Nursing, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 148–156, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. L. J. Finney Rutten and R. J. Iannotti, “Health beliefs, salience of breast cancer family history, and involvement with breast cancer issues: adherence to annual mammography screening recommendations,” Cancer Detection and Prevention, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 353–359, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. P. Halligan, “Caring for patients of Islamic denomination: critical care nurses' experiences in Saudi Arabia,” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1565–1573, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. P. Y. Talbert, “The Relationship of fear and fatalism with breast cancer screening among a selected target population of African American middle class women,” Journal of Social Behavior and Health Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 96–110, 2008. View at Google Scholar