Table of Contents
ISRN Biomedical Imaging
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 589327, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/589327
Research Article

Postnatal Development of the Retina in Rats Exposed to Hyperoxia: A Fractal Analysis

1Clinic Emergency Hospital Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Clinicilor Street, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of AET, Discipline of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics, 103-105 B-dul Muncii Street, 400641 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embriology, 3-5 Mănăştur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4“Iuliu Haţieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology, 1 Clinicilor Street, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
5“Iuliu Haţieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Embryology, Ophthalmology, 3-5 Clinicilor Street, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Received 27 February 2013; Accepted 25 March 2013

Academic Editors: R. Tadeusiewicz and B. Zheng

Copyright © 2013 Anne Claudia Ştefănuţ et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify changes in the newborn rats retinal layers during the hyperoxia (80% O2) exposure using fractal analysis. Materials and Methods. This study was conducted on two groups of 20 newborn rats: a control (normal) group (10 rats) and an experimental group (10 rats). The control group was composed of 10 newborn rats, which were placed at 12 hours after birth, in a pediatric incubator, together with their mother, in conditions of normoxia for 21 days. The experimental group consisted of 10 newborn rats, which were placed at 12 hours after birth, in a pediatric incubator with their mother, in conditions of normoxia for 7 days, then 7 days of hyperoxia (80% O2) for 22.5 hours/day, and then 7 days in conditions of normoxia. Slaughtering of the rats was performed on day 21 and the eye globes were harvested in order to perform histopathological examinations. The fractal analyses of the retinal digital images were performed using the fractal analysis software Image J, and the fractal dimensions were calculated using the standard box-counting method. Results. Microscopic examination revealed a normal development of the retina in the control group. In the experimental group, all the animals exposed to hyperoxia revealed both structural and vascular abnormalities on entire retina. Conclusions. The results showed that the fractal analysis is a valuable tool to quantify histoarchitectural changes in the newborn rats retinal layers during the hyperoxia (80% O2).