Table of Contents
ISRN Pharmaceutics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 604690, 10 pages
Research Article

Design and Characterization of Double Layered Mucoadhesive System Containing Bisphosphonate Derivative

Department of Pharmaceutics, M. S. Ramaiah College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, Karnataka 560 054, India

Received 30 September 2013; Accepted 5 November 2013

Academic Editors: A. Bolognese and J. Lee

Copyright © 2013 Dhrubojyoti Mukherjee and Srinivasan Bharath. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of formulation variables on different evaluation properties such as cumulative percentage release and swelling index in development of two layered buccal mucoadhesive system consisting of a highly water soluble drug risedronate sodium. The mucoadhesive systems were developed with varied concentrations of the polymers (1-2%) using plasticizer/permeation enhancer (25–50% w/w of polymer). Two layered films comprised of risedronate sodium with chitosan (85% deacetylated) and hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC 4KM) interpolymer complex of different ratios were prepared by solvent casting method. An impermeable backing membrane of ethyl cellulose was incorporated into the films. The study shows the effect of multipolymeric films on the release of a bisphosphonates derivative. The optimized formulations showed films with uniform drug content ( ), thickness (  mm to  mm), mucoadhesivity (  g), and controlled drug release profile up to a period of 10 hours. The films were also studied for swelling index, moisture uptake, viscosity, folding endurance, water vapor transmission rate, and mucoadhesive time.