Table of Contents
ISRN Robotics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 608164, 10 pages
Review Article

An Introduction to Swarm Robotics

ETSI Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, c/José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain

Received 18 April 2012; Accepted 19 June 2012

Academic Editors: C. A. G. Soerensen and A. Zavala-Rio

Copyright © 2013 Iñaki Navarro and Fernando Matía. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Swarm robotics is a field of multi-robotics in which large number of robots are coordinated in a distributed and decentralised way. It is based on the use of local rules, and simple robots compared to the complexity of the task to achieve, and inspired by social insects. Large number of simple robots can perform complex tasks in a more efficient way than a single robot, giving robustness and flexibility to the group. In this article, an overview of swarm robotics is given, describing its main properties and characteristics and comparing it to general multi-robotic systems. A review of different research works and experimental results, together with a discussion of the future swarm robotics in real world applications completes this work.