Table of Contents
ISRN Toxicology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 610648, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/610648
Research Article

Potential Toxic Levels of Cyanide in Almonds (Prunus amygdalus), Apricot Kernels (Prunus armeniaca), and Almond Syrup

1Laboratoire De Toxicologie, Centre D’assistance Medicale et Urgente, Tunis, Tunisia
2Unité de Recherche du Laboratoire de Toxicologie et Environnement LR12SP07, 10 rue Aboul Kacem Chabbi, 1008 Montfleury, Tunis, Tunisia

Received 16 July 2013; Accepted 25 August 2013

Academic Editors: J. Llorens, P. Urban, and S. M. Waliszewski

Copyright © 2013 Nadia Chaouali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Under normal environmental conditions, many plants synthesize cyanogenic glycosides, which are able to release hydrogen cyanide upon hydrolysis. Each year, there are frequent livestock and occasional human victims of cyanogenic plants consumption. The present work aims to determine the hydrocyanic acid content in different samples of cyanogenic plants, selected from the Tunisian flora, and in the almond syrup. In order to evaluate their toxicity and their impact on the consumer health in the short term as well as in the long term, using the ISO 2164-1975 NT standard, relating to the determination of cyanogenic heterosides in leguminous plants.