Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2013, Article ID 617123, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/617123
Research Article

Life Style Factors Associated with Premenstrual Syndrome among El-Minia University Students, Egypt

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, El-Minia University, University Street, El-Minia 1666, Egypt

Received 11 March 2013; Accepted 18 April 2013

Academic Editors: N. Kontodimopoulos, T. Morken, and G. Rahav

Copyright © 2013 Amany Edward Seedhom et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To determine the score and frequency of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) among female college students and to detect the possible risk factors of PMS. A trial of life style modification regarding prevention and control of PMS symptoms was carried out using counseling. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 253 El-Minia University unmarried female students. A self-administered questionnaire inquiring about symptoms of PMS in the previous three months and risk factors possibly related to it was used. PMS score was calculated. Multiple regression analysis was performed to determine which of several biopsychosocial and dietary factors influenced PMS. Life style modification counseling was done to prevent and control PMS. Results. The study revealed that 80.2% of the participants experienced various degrees of PMS symptoms which were significantly associated with a family history of PMS, physical inactivity, habitual excess consumption of coffee, BMI, frequent consumption of fast food, and smoking, but these factors explained only 52% of the variability in the logistic regression model. Conclusion. We recommend the introduction of a reproductive health component into school and college health education programs and encourage female adolescents and young adults to adopt a healthy behavior.