Table of Contents
ISRN Hepatology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 617480, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/617480
Research Article

Female Genital Cutting and Hepatitis C Spread in Egypt

1HIV/STD Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
2Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory 7700, South Africa
3Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium

Received 31 March 2013; Accepted 16 April 2013

Academic Editors: D. Capone, A. Castiella, E. E. Guibert, and Y. Yano

Copyright © 2013 Chris Kenyon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A recent analysis of Egypt’s first nationally representative survey of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection found female genital cutting (FGC) to be an independent risk factor for HCV infection for women in urban areas. We use the same dataset to extend this analysis. In an ecological analysis, we find a strong association between FGC and HCV prevalence (Pearson —74%;   ). HCV prevalence is significantly higher if FGC is performed by a non-Doctor (15.4%) than a Doctor (4.2%; ), and the calculated population attributable fraction of FGC for prevalent HCV seropositivity is high in women (79.8%).