Table of Contents
ISRN Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 645232, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/645232
Research Article

Vibroacoustical Analysis of Multiple-Layered Structures with Viscoelastic Damping Cores

Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA

Received 2 December 2012; Accepted 16 December 2012

Academic Editors: M. Ahmadian, R. Brighenti, S. W. Chang, J. Clayton, P. Dineva, and G.-J. Wang

Copyright © 2013 Fei Lin and Mohan D. Rao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a modeling technique to study the vibroacoustics of multiple-layered viscoelastic laminated beams using the Biot damping model. In this work, a complete simulation procedure for studying the structural acoustics of the system using a hybrid numerical model is presented. The boundary element method (BEM) was used to model the acoustical cavity, whereas the finite element method (FEM) was the basis for vibration analysis of the multiple-layered beam structure. Through the proposed procedure, the analysis can easily be extended to another complex geometry with arbitrary boundary conditions. The nonlinear behavior of viscoelastic damping materials was represented by the Biot damping model taking into account the effects of frequency, temperature, and different damping materials for individual layers. The curve-fitting procedure used to obtain the Biot constants for different damping materials for each temperature is explained. The results from structural vibration analysis for selected beams agree with published closed-form results, and results for the radiated noise for a sample beam structure obtained using a commercial BEM software are compared with the acoustical results of the same beam by using the Biot damping model.