International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Examination of the Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, and Xenobiotic-Inducing Potential of Broccoli Extract and Various Essential Oils during a Mild DSS-Induced Colitis in Rats

Table 5

Effects of feeding broccoli extract and various essential oils on relative mRNA expression of various pro- and anti-inflammatory parameters in the colon of DSS-treated rats compared to an untreated control.

GenePeriodExperimental group compared
with untreated control rats
DSSBECuoToRo

Phase 1
NF BPhase 2
Phase 3
Phase 1
TNF Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 1
COX2Phase 2↑↑↑
Phase 3
Phase 1
IL-1 Phase 2
Phase 3↑↑
Phase 1
IL-10Phase 2↑↑↑↑↑
Phase 3n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
Phase 1
MCP-1Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 1
VCAM-1Phase 2(↑)()()()()
Phase 3↑↑
Phase 1
Cldn3Phase 2
Phase 3

Different arrows summarize the effects on gene expression: no effect, ↑: increase, : decrease, ( ): significant results compared to group DSS, and n.d.: not detectable. Means ± SEM and the results of statistical analysis are presented in the appendix.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19.