Table of Contents
ISRN Mechanical Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 714363, 12 pages
Research Article

Numerical Hydroacoustic Analysis of NACA Foils in Marine Applications and Comparison of Their Acoustic Behavior

Deptartment of Marine technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Hafez Avenue, No. 424, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Teheran, Iran

Received 26 May 2013; Accepted 26 June 2013

Academic Editors: F. M. Gerner and G. Juncu

Copyright © 2013 Parviz Ghadimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


One of the most important parameters to be considered in the design process of lifting surfaces for marine applications is the acoustic noise emitted by the designed surface. In the present work, the hydroacoustic fields of NACA0012 and NACA0018 hydrofoils are calculated, and the acoustic behavior of these sections is examined and compared at different angles of attack. The Ansys-CFX Navier-Stokes solver is used for hydrodynamic analysis, and a highly accurate multithread program named ACOPY is developed in Python programming language based on the Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings method for acoustic analysis. The developed code has high capability in parallel programming. Results of hydrodynamic and acoustic analyses have been validated against available data. A parametric study is conducted, and the best integration surface for FW-H method is introduced. The acoustic behavior of the sections is calculated in an extensive parametric study for different angles of attack of the hydrofoils. The operational acoustic fields of the foils have been calculated and compared. The results indicate that NACA0012 hydrofoil is a better choice and, more effective, when the acoustic behavior of the hydrofoil is a significant design criterion.