Table of Contents
ISRN Addiction
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 723131, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/723131
Research Article

The Choice of Screening Instrument Matters: The Case of Problematic Cannabis Use Screening in Spanish Population of Adolescents

1Prevalence and Consequences and Data Management Unit, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), Cais do Sodré, 1249-289 Lisbon, Portugal
2IMIM-Hospital del Mar, CIBERESP, Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
3Escuela Nacional de Sanidad, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, CIBERESP, Avenida Monforte de Lemos 5, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4Unidad de Conductas Adictivas, Departamento de Salud Valencia, Hospital Arnau de Villanova, Plaza Clot de Joan s/n, Paterna, 46980 Valencia, Spain
5Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (DGPNSD), Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad, Plaza de España 17, 28071 Madrid, Spain
6Agència de Salut Pública de Catalunya, Departament de Salut de la Generalitat de Catalunya, Roc Boronat 81-95, 08005 Barcelona, Spain

Received 22 August 2012; Accepted 24 September 2012

Academic Editors: K. M. Beaver, K. Dalen, M. Farris, and P. Mannelli

Copyright © 2013 Danica Thanki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of problem cannabis use screening instruments administration within wide school surveys, their psychometric properties, overlaps, and relationships with other variables. Students from 7 Spanish regions, aged 14–18, who attended secondary schools were sampled by two-stage cluster sampling (net sample 14,589). Standardized, anonymous questionnaire including DSM-IV cannabis abuse criteria, Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST), and Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) was self-completed with paper and pencil in the selected classrooms. Data was analysed using classical psychometric theory, bivariate tests, and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Not responding to instruments’ items (10.5–12.3%) was associated with reporting less frequent cannabis use. The instruments overlapped partially, with 16.1% of positives being positive on all three. SDS was more likely to identify younger users with lower frequency of use who thought habitual cannabis use posed a considerable problem. CAST positivity was associated with frequent cannabis use and related problems. It is feasible to use short psychometric scales in wide school surveys, but one must carefully choose the screening instrument, as different instruments identify different groups of users. These may correspond to different types of problematic cannabis use; however, measurement bias seems to play a role too.