Table of Contents
ISRN Family Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 735359, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/735359
Research Article

Peer-Supported Diabetes Prevention Program for Turkish- and Arabic-Speaking Communities in Australia

1Department of Family and Community Medicine and Behavioural Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, UAE
2Department of GP, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Melbourne, VIC 3053, Australia
3Dianella Community Health, Broadmeadows, Melbourne, VIC 3047, Australia

Received 16 December 2012; Accepted 3 January 2013

Academic Editors: M. Menchetti and H. R. Searight

Copyright © 2013 Nabil Sulaiman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In Australia, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are more prevalent in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities than mainstream Australians. Purpose. To develop, implement, and evaluate culturally sensitive peer-supported diabetes education program for the prevention of type 2 diabetes in high-risk middle-aged Turkish- and Arabic-speaking people. Methods. A two-day training program was developed. Ten bilingual peer leaders were recruited from existing health and social networks in Melbourne and were trained by diabetes educators. Each leader recruited 10 high-risk people for developing diabetes. Questionnaires were administered, and height, weight, and waist circumference were measured at baseline and three months after the intervention. The intervention comprised two 2-hour group sessions and 30 minutes reinforcement and support telephone calls. Results. 94 individuals (73% women) completed the program. Three months after the program, the participants’ mean body weight (before = 78.1 kg, after = 77.3; score = −3.415, ) and waist circumference (  = −2.569, ) were reduced, their diabetes knowledge was enhanced, and lifestyle behaviours were significantly improved. Conclusions. A short diabetes prevention program delivered by bilingual peers was associated with improved diabetes awareness, changed lifestyle behaviour, and reduction in body weight 3 months after intervention. The findings are encouraging and should stimulate a larger control-designed study.