Table of Contents
ISRN Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 765354, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/765354
Clinical Study

Infectious Diseases and Vaccination Strategies: How to Protect the “Unprotectable”?

1Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric and Infectious Disease Unit, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, 00100 Rome, Italy
2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, 20121 Milan, Italy

Received 3 February 2013; Accepted 17 March 2013

Academic Editors: B. Forghani, Z. Michelini, and V. Usonis

Copyright © 2013 Elena Bozzola et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The circulation of infectious diseases puts small infants too young to be vaccinated at risk of morbidity and mortality, often requiring prolonged hospitalization. Material and Methods. We have reviewed the medical records of children not eligible for vaccination because of age, admitted to hospital for pertussis, measles, or varicella from February 1, 2010, till February 1, 2012. Results. Of the case records scrutinized, 21 were hospitalized for pertussis, 18 for measles, and 32 for varicella. Out of them, 42%, 66%, and 78% diagnosed with, respectively, pertussis, measles, and varicella had a complicated course of the disease. Discussion. To avoid infectious disease circulation, childhood immunization strategies should be adopted, such as vaccination of healthcare givers, adult household contacts, and parents planning to have, or who have had, a newborn baby.