Table of Contents
ISRN Anesthesiology
Volume 2013, Article ID 791983, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/791983
Review Article

Anesthetic Management in Mucopolysaccharidoses

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, “Policlinico” University Hospital, Via Santa Sofia 84, 95100 Catania, Italy

Received 18 April 2013; Accepted 14 May 2013

Academic Editors: F. Cavaliere, F. Khan, A. Mizutani, and A. Wiebalck

Copyright © 2013 Concetta Maria Spinello et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) are a group of uncommon genetic diseases of connective tissue metabolism. It is well established that the elective treatment of subjects affected by MPS is multidisciplinary and must be carried out by experienced personnel in highly specialist centers. However, there is the possibility to perform an anesthesia in a peripheral center, where anesthesiologists might not have a large experience of MPS. Various attempts to produce guidelines have been made for MPS. There has been an increasing interest in the topic as it is demonstrated by the number of scientific studies published in the last few years (peak in 2011). We want to provide a summary of anesthetic management, reviewing the current literature on the topic in a procedural algorithm for these high-risk patients, who require surgical procedures and diagnostic examinations under sedation with a higher frequency than the general population.