Table of Contents
ISRN Rehabilitation
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 807546, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/807546
Research Article

Clinical Characteristics and Course of Patients Entering Cardiac Rehabilitation with Chronic Kidney Disease: Data from the Italian Survey on Cardiac Rehabilitation

1Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit, University of Naples “Federico II,” Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
2Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit, University of Florence and Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Via delle Oblate 4, 50141 Florence, Italy
3Division of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Fondazione Europea di Ricerca Biomedica, Via Uboldo 56, 20063 Cernusco S/N, Italy
4Clinica “Le Terrazze,” Via Foscolo 6/B, 21035 Cunardo, Italy
5Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Cardiology, La Colletta Hospital, Via del Giappone, 16011 Arenzano, Italy
6Azienda Ospedaliera S. Anna e S. Sebastiano di Caserta, Via Gennaro Tescione 1, 81100 Caserta, Italy

Received 13 May 2013; Accepted 9 June 2013

Academic Editors: Y. Hu, Y. Laufer, and M. Probst

Copyright © 2013 Francesco Giallauria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. J. Collins, R. N. Foley, B. M. Chavers et al., “Excerpts from the US renal data system 2009 annual data report,” The American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 55, no. 1, supplement 1, pp. A6–A7, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Muntner, L. L. Hamm, J. W. Kusek, J. Chen, P. K. Whelton, and J. He, “The prevalence of nontraditional risk factors for coronary heart disease in patients with chronic kidney disease,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. J. Sarnak, A. S. Levey, A. C. Schoolwerth et al., “Kidney disease as a risk factor for development of cardiovascular disease: a statement from the American heart association councils on kidney in cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure research, clinical cardiology, and epidemiology and prevention,” Circulation, vol. 108, no. 17, pp. 2154–2169, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. S. Anavekar, J. J. V. McMurray, E. J. Velazquez et al., “Relation between renal dysfunction and cardiovascular outcomes after myocardial infarction,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 13, pp. 1285–1295, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. S. Taylor, A. Brown, S. Ebrahim et al., “Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 116, no. 10, pp. 682–692, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Giallauria, P. Cirillo, R. Lucci et al., “Left ventricular remodelling in patients with moderate systolic dysfunction after myocardial infarction: favourable effects of exercise training and predictive role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 113–118, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Giallauria, G. Galizia, R. Lucci et al., “Favourable effects of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction on left atrial remodeling,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 136, no. 3, pp. 300–306, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Giallauria, R. Lucci, M. D'Agostino et al., “Two-year multicomprehensive secondary prevention program: favorable effects on cardiovascular functional capacity and coronary risk profile after acute myocardial infarction,” Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 772–780, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Tarro Genta, E. Eleuteri, P. L. Temporelli et al., “Flow-mediated dilation normalization predicts outcome in chronic heart failure patients,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 260–267, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. F. Giallauria, P. Cirillo, M. D'Agostino et al., “Effects of exercise training on high-mobility group box-1 levels after acute myocardial infarction,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 108–114, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Giallauria, A. de Lorenzo, F. Pilerci et al., “Long-term effects of cardiac rehabilitation on end-exercise heart rate recovery after myocardial infarction,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 544–550, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Giallauria, A. de Lorenzo, F. Pilerci et al., “Reduction of N terminal-pro-brain (B-type) natriuretic peptide levels with exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 625–632, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Giallauria, R. Lucci, A. de Lorenzo, M. D'Agostino, D. Del Forno, and C. Vigorito, “Favourable effects of exercise training on N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide plasma levels in elderly patients after acute myocardial infarction,” Age and Ageing, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 601–607, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. A. Smart, T. Meyer, J. A. Butterfield et al., “Individual patient meta-analysis of exercise training effects on systemic brain natriuretic peptide expression in heart failure,” European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 428–435, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Rinaldi, G. Corbi, S. Boccuti et al., “Exercise training affects age-induced changes in SOD and heat shock protein expression in rat heart,” Experimental Gerontology, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 764–770, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. Byrne and F. Murphy, “Cardiac rehabilitation for patients with chronic kidney disease,” Journal of Renal Care, vol. 36, supplement 1, pp. 154–162, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Heiwe and S. H. Jacobson, “Exercise training for adults with chronic kidney disease,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 10, Article ID CD003236, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Giallauria, C. Vigorito, R. Tramarin et al., “Cardiac rehabilitation in very old patients: data from the Italian survey on cardiac rehabilitation-2008 (ISYDE-2008)—official report of the Italian association for cardiovascular prevention, rehabilitation, and epidemiology,” Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 1353–1361, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Giallauria, F. Fattirolli, R. Tramarin et al., “Cardiac rehabilitation in chronic heart failure: data from the Italian SurveY on carDiac rEhabilitation (ISYDE-2008),” Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. “National kidney foundation: clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease: evaluation, classification, and stratification,” The American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 2, supplement1, pp. S46–S47, 2002.
  21. A. S. Levey, J. P. Bosch, J. B. Lewis, T. Greene, N. Rogers, and D. Roth, “A more accurate method to estimate glomerular filtration rate from serum creatinine: a new prediction equation,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 130, no. 6, pp. 461–470, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. F. Folstein, S. E. Folstein, and P. R. McHugh, “‘Mini-mental state’: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician,” Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189–198, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. R. S. Wright, G. S. Reeder, C. A. Herzog et al., “Acute myocardial infarction and renal dysfunction: a high-risk combination,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 137, no. 7, pp. 563–570, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. G. Shlipak, P. A. Heidenreich, H. Noguchi, G. M. Chertow, W. S. Browner, and M. B. McClellan, “Association of renal insufficiency with treatment and outcomes after myocardial infarction in elderly patients,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 137, no. 7, pp. 555–562, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Venkataraman, B. Sanderson, and V. Bittner, “Outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing cardiac rehabilitation,” The American Heart Journal, vol. 150, no. 6, pp. 1140–1146, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. W. A. Cooper, S. M. O'Brien, V. H. Thourani et al., “Impact of renal dysfunction on outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery: results from the society of thoracic surgeons national adult cardiac database,” Circulation, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 1063–1070, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. J. M. Best, R. Lennon, H. H. Ting et al., “The impact of renal insufficiency on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 1113–1119, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Y. H. Lip, V. S. Rathore, R. Katira, S. P. Singh, and R. D. S. Watson, “Changes in renal function with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 127–131, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Y. Zhang, Z. B. Zhu, Q. Zhang et al., “Impact of moderate or severe renal insufficiency on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing drug-eluting stent based coronary intervention,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 72–79, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. J. M. Best, P. B. Berger, B. R. Davis et al., “Impact of mild or moderate chronic kidney disease on the frequency of restenosis: results from the PRESTO trial,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 1786–1791, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Ashrith, V. Lee, M. A. Elayda, R. M. Reul, and J. M. Wilson, “Short- and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting or drug-eluting stent implantation for multivessel coronary artery disease in patients with chronic kidney disease,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 348–353, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. Selvin and T. P. Erlinger, “Prevalence of and risk factors for peripheral arterial disease in the United States: results from the national health and nutrition examination Survey, 1999-2000,” Circulation, vol. 110, no. 6, pp. 738–743, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. I. D. Moussa, M. R. Jaff, R. Mehran et al., “Prevalence and prediction of previously unrecognized peripheral arterial disease in patients with coronary artery disease: the peripheral arterial disease in interventional patients study,” Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 719–724, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. Fioretto, M. L. Caramori, and M. Mauer, “The kidney in diabetes: dynamic pathways of injury and repair. The Camillo Golgi lecture 2007,” Diabetologia, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 1347–1355, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. K. Yaffe, L. Ackerson, M. K. Tamura et al., “Chronic kidney disease and cognitive function in older adults: findings from the chronic renal insufficiency cohort cognitive study,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 338–345, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. S. Buchman, D. Tanne, P. A. Boyle, R. C. Shah, S. E. Leurgans, and D. A. Bennett, “Kidney function is associated with the rate of cognitive decline in the elderly,” Neurology, vol. 73, no. 12, pp. 920–927, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. L. Seliger, D. S. Siscovick, C. O. Stehman-Breen et al., “Moderate renal impairment and risk of dementia among older adults: the cardiovascular health cognition study,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1904–1911, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. T. Etgen, D. Sander, M. Chonchol et al., “Chronic kidney disease is associated with incident cognitive impairment in the elderly: the INVADE study,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 3144–3150, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. T. L. Nickolas, M. Khatri, B. Boden-Albala et al., “The association between kidney disease and cardiovascular risk in a multiethnic cohort: findings from the Northern manhattan study (NOMAS),” Stroke, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 2876–2879, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. L. C. Vogels, P. Scheltens, J. M. Schroeder-Tanka, and H. C. Weinstein, “Cognitive impairment in heart failure: a systematic review of the literature,” European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 440–449, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. L. Trojano, R. A. Incalzi, D. Acanfora, C. Picone, P. Mecocci, and F. Rengo, “Cognitive impairment: a key feature of congestive heart failure in the elderly,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 250, no. 12, pp. 1456–1463, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. B. C. Astor, P. Muntner, A. Levin, J. A. Eustace, and J. Coresh, “Association of kidney function with anemia: the third national health and nutrition examination survey (1988–1994),” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 162, no. 12, pp. 1401–1408, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. S. Go, J. Yang, L. M. Ackerson et al., “Hemoglobin level, chronic kidney disease, and the risks of death and hospitalization in adults with chronic heart failure—the anemia in chronic heart failure: outcomes and resource utilization (ANCHOR) study,” Circulation, vol. 113, no. 23, pp. 2713–2723, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. P. R. Kalra, A. P. Bolger, D. P. Francis et al., “Effect of anemia on exercise tolerance in chronic heart failure in men,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 91, no. 7, pp. 888–891, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. F. Locatelli, P. Aljama, B. Canaud et al., “Target haemoglobin to aim for with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents: a position statement by ERBP following publication of the trial to reduce cardiovascular events with aranesp therapy (TREAT) study,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 2846–2850, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. P. H. Stone, Z. G. Turi, J. E. Muller et al., “Prognostic significance of the treadmill exercise test performance 6 months after myocardial infarction,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 1007–1017, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. M. F. Piepoli, U. Corrà, W. Benzer et al., “Secondary prevention through cardiac rehabilitation: from knowledge to implementation. A position paper from the cardiac rehabilitation section of the european association of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation,” European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–17, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. R. G. Hawkins and M. C. Houston, “Is population-wide diuretic use directly associated with the incidence of end-stage renal disease in the United States? A hypothesis,” The American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 744–749, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. C. Bruch, M. Rothenburger, M. Gotzmann et al., “Chronic kidney disease in patients with chronic heart failure—impact on intracardiac conduction, diastolic function and prognosis,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 375–380, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. N. A. Smart, G. Dieberg, and F. Giallauria, “Intermittent versus continuous exercise training in chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 166, no. 2, pp. 352–358, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. N. A. Smart, G. Dieberg, and F. Giallauria, “Functional electrical stimulation for chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis,” International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 80–85, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. N. A. Smart, F. Giallauria, and G. Dieberg, “Efficacy of inspiratory muscle training in chronic heart failure patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” International Journal of Cardiology, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus