International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Out of Asia: An Allopatric Model for the Evolution of the Domestic Dog

Table 1

Comparison of models of dog domestication.

ModelWhite fang modelVillage dog modelAllopatric model

ReferenceLondon (1905) [13]
Lorenz (1952) [5]
Clutton-Brock and Jewell (1993) [39]
Morey (1994) [22]
Coppinger and Schneider (1995) [35]
Crockford (2000) [20]
Braude and Gladman, herein

First stepAdoption of wolf pupWolves scavenge
around human
settlements
Wolves follow humans
and scavenge

SelectionHuman selection for tamenessEcological selection for tolerance of humans Ecological selection for tolerance of humans

Speciation processHuman imposed
Separation of
domestic line
from wild population
Sympatric
despite local
wild hunting
population
Allopatric separation
of tolerant scavenger population from wild hunting population

Location of originEurasia, Africa,
and North America
UnspecifiedEast Asia

Reason for initial domesticationPet for woman
or child
Jump from scavenger to hunting
companion and guard
Source of meat

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