International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Development of Dengue Infection Severity Score

Table 1

Patient profiles by types of dengue infection: dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and dengue shock syndrome (DSS).

Patient profilesDF ( )DHF ( )DSS ( ) value*
Mean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SD

Demographic
 Male ( , %)185 (47.3)153 (51.7)38 (42.2)0.888
 Age (year) 0.903
Mode of presentation
 Hepatomegaly ( , %)8 (2.1)26 (8.8)55 (61.1)<0.001
 Headache ( , %)228 (58.3)145 (49.0)35 (38.9)<0.001
 Myalgia ( , %)84 (21.5)30 (10.1)12 (13.3)0.001
 Vomiting ( , %)244 (62.4)216 (73.0)56 (62.2)0.187
 Cough ( , %)120 (30.7)94 (31.8)32 (35.6)0.425
 Abdominal pain ( , %)160 (40.9)181 (61.2)60 (66.7)<0.001
 Rash ( , %)166 (42.5)132 (44.6)26 (28.9)0.124
 Pleural effusion ( , %)0 (0)20 (6.8)34 (37.8)<0.001
 Petechiae ( , %)27 (6.9)26 (8.8)14 (15.6)0.016
 Any bleeding episodes ( , %)73 (18.7)80 (27.0)51 (56.7)<0.001
Hemodynamic
 SBP (mmHg) <0.001
 DBP (mmHg) 0.084
 Pulse pressure (mmHg) <0.001
Hematological
 Hematocrit (%) <0.001
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) <0.001
 White cell count (/µL) <0.001
 Lymphocytes (%) <0.001
 Neutrophils (%) <0.001
 Platelet (/µL) <0.001
Biochemical
 AST (U/L) <0.001
 ALT (U/L) 0.001
 PT (sec) 0.012
 PTT (sec) 0.004
Case management
 Inbound referral ( , %)43 (11.0)78 (26.4)48 (53.3)<0.001
 Discharged
  Alive ( , %)391 (100.0)296 (100.0)88 (97.8)1.000
  Outbound referral ( , %)0 (0)0 (0)2 (2.2)
  In hospital dead ( , %)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)

value from nonparametric test for trend.
SD: standard deviation; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; AST: aspartate aminotransferase; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; PT: prothrombin time; PTT: partial thromboplastin time.

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