Table of Contents
ISRN Infectious Diseases
Volume 2013, Article ID 849493, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/849493
Research Article

Surveillance System and Prevalence of Healthcare-Associated Infections in a Maternity Hospital

1Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
2Internal Medicine Clinic, “Elena Venizelou” Maternity Hospital, Nursing School, University of Athens, 11521 Athens, Greece

Received 17 June 2013; Accepted 5 August 2013

Academic Editors: J. Bustamante and R. Favory

Copyright © 2013 Pagona Flevari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Obstetrician-gynaecologist (Ob-Gyn) medical and nursing personnel usually have minimal in action training on infection control (IC). Limited information exists also about the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in maternity hospitals. The aim of this study was to determine in a 30-day survey prevalence of HAIs among hospitalised patients and neonates in a maternity hospital in Athens, Greece, and to offer to the IC office a practical IC manual. Patients hospitalized for more than 24 h in the clinics and the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were enrolled. An IC guide was created and distributed to the medical and nursing staff through educational seminars. Through the survey, among Ob-Gyn patients 16 HAIs were recognized during hospitalization and 14 HAIs after patients’ discharge; the overall prevalence of infected patients was 2.9% and the prevalence of HAIs was 3.2%. Among NICU patients, the prevalence of HAIs was 3.9%. The IC manual was found easily implemented in daily use improving staff’s compliance to IC practices. The results of the survey can be used as a baseline for future comparisons between maternity hospitals (benchmarking). The implementation of steady IC guideline protocols for a maternity hospital may update staff education and promote staff compliance on IC practices.