Common causal agents of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in construction workers: clinical appearance and prevention.
|Causal agents||Clinical features||Prevention|
|Epoxy resins||Erythematous-vesicular or bullous lesions vesicles, unilateral, asymmetric, involving dorsum of hands, fingers, and feet||Use of less sensitizing resin, no eating in work area. |
PPE: gloves and aprons washing on contact.
|Chromates||Xerotic and lichenified eczema or nummular eczema involving hands that can become widespread and persistent||Change hexavalent for less sensitizing trivalent chromium; use premixed cement; periodic examination of workers’ skin. |
PPE: gloves and work shoes; wash on contact.
|Thiurams and thiazoles||Eczematous eruptions localized on hands and wrist (gloves area), ||PPE: gloves that do not contain such substances (e.g., nitrile gloves)|