Table of Contents
ISRN Entomology
Volume 2013, Article ID 865059, 10 pages
Research Article

New Species of Exomalopsis and Its Associated Cleptoparasite Nomada from Colombia with Description of the Nest (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila: Apidae)

1Plant Science Department, Severin-McDaniel Insect Research Collection, South Dakota State University, Agricultural Hall, 1010 Rotunda Lane, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
2United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ), San Francisco, CA 94080, USA

Received 1 December 2012; Accepted 20 January 2013

Academic Editors: S. Lacau and A. Paz-Silva

Copyright © 2013 Rita I. Velez-Ruiz and Allan H. Smith-Pardo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. D. Michener, The Bees of the World, The Johns Hopkins University Press, London, UK, 2007.
  2. P. H. Timberlake, “A revision of the species of Exomalopsis inhabiting the United States,” Journal of the New York Entomological Society, vol. 55, pp. 85–106, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  3. P. H. Timberlake, “Review of North American Exomalopsis (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae),” University of California Publications in Entomology, vol. 86, pp. 1–158, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  4. F. A. Silveira, “Phylogenetic relationships of the Exomalopsini with a new tribe Teratognathini,” University of Kansas Science Bulletin, vol. 55, pp. 425–454, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  5. F. A. Silveira, “Espécies novas e designação de lectótipos de Exomalopsis sul-americanas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea),” Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, vol. 40, pp. 81–88, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  6. B. B. Norden, K. V. Krombein, and S. W. T. Batra, “Nests and enemies of Exomalopsis (Phanamalopsis) solani Cockrell (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Mutillidae, Diptera, Asilidae),” Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 350–356, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Raw, “Seasonal changes in numbers and foraging activities of two Jamaican Exomalopsis species,” Biotropica, vol. 8, pp. 270–277, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. Raw, “The biology of two Exomalopsis species (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) with remarks on sociality in bees,” Revista de Biologia Tropical, vol. 25, pp. 1–11, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. G. Rozen and R. R. Snelling, “Ethology of the bee Exomalopsis nitens and its cleptoparasite (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae),” Journal of the New York Entomological Society, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 480–488, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  10. R. Zucchi, Aspectos bionomicos de Exomalopsis auropilosa e Bombus atratus incluindo consideracoes sobre a evolucao do comportamento social [M.S. thesis], Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil, 1973.
  11. J. G. Rozen, “Comparative nesting biology of the bee tribe Exomalopsini (Apoidea, Anthophoridae),” American Museum Novitates, vol. 2798, p. 37, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  12. A. H. Smith-Pardo, “A preliminary account of the bees of Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): present knowledge and future directions,” Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 335–341, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. H. Smith-Pardo and R. I. Vélez-Ruiz, Abejas de Antioquia: Guía de campo, Editorial Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín, Colombia, 2008.
  14. R. I. Vélez-Ruiz, Una aproximación a la sistemática de las abejas silvestres de Colombia [M.S. thesis], Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Medellín, Medellín, Colombia, 2009.
  15. E. A. Almeida and F. A. Silveira, “Revision of the species of the subgenera of Exomalopsis Spinola, 1853, occurring in South America. I: Diomalopsis Michener and Moure, 1957 (Hymenoptera: Apidae), and a revised key to the subgenera,” in Entomological Contributions in Memory of Byron Alexander, G. W. Byers, R. H. Hagen, and R. W. Brooks, Eds., vol. 24 of University of Kansas Natural History Museum Special Publication, pp. 167–170, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  16. R. A. Harris, “A glossary of surface sculpturing. Occasional Papers in Entomology,” California Department of Food and Agriculture, vol. 28, pp. 1–31, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  17. G. Erdtman, Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy, Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, 1986.
  18. C. A. Velásquez, Atlas palinológico de la flora vascular paramuna de Colombia: angispermae, Litografía Gráficas Montoya, Medellín, Colombia, 1999.
  19. M. Spinola, “Compte rendu des hyménoptères inédits provenants du voyage entomologique de M. Ghiliani dans le Para en 1846,” Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 19–94, 1853. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. A. Scopoli, Annus Historico Naturalis, vol. 4, Hilscher, Lipsiae, Germany, 1770.
  21. F. Smith, “Descriptions of new genera and species of exotic Hymenoptera,” Journal of Entomology, vol. 1, pp. 65–84, 1860. View at Google Scholar
  22. J. S. Moure, D. Urban, and G. A. R. Melo, “Catalogue of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region,” 2008,
  23. A. H. Smith-Pardo, “A preliminary account of the bees of Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): present knowledge and future directions,” Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 335–341, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. D. Michener, R. L. Mcginley, and B. N. Danforth, The bee genera of North and Central America (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 1994.
  25. G. A. R. Melo, “Phylogenetic relationships and classification of the major lineages of Apoidea (Hymenoptera), with emphasis on the crabronid wasps,” Scientific Papers, Natural History Museum, the University of Kansas, vol. 14, pp. 1–55, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  26. T. L. Griswold, F. Parker, and P. Hanson, “The bees (Apidae),” in Hymenoptera of Costa Rica, P. E. Hanson and I. Gauld, Eds., pp. 650–691, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Y. Proshchalykin and A. S. Lelej, “Review of the Nomada roberjeotiana species-group (hymenoptera: apidae) of Russia, with description of new species,” Zootaxa, no. 2335, pp. 1–15, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Roig Alsina, “A revision of the bee genus Nomada in Argentina (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Nomadinae),” Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Nueva Serie, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 221–241, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. G. Rozen, “Immature stages and ethological observations on the cleptoparasitic bee tribe Nomadini,” American Museum Novitates, vol. 2638, pp. 1–16, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. G. Rozen, “New taxa of brachynomadine bees,” American Museum Novitates, vol. 3200, p. 1, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  31. F. A. Silveira, Phylogenetic relationships and classification of Exomalopsini (Insecta: Apidae), with a revision of the Exomalopsis (Phanomalopsis) jenseni species-group and a catalog of the species of Exomalopsini [Ph.D. thesis], University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan, USA, 1995.
  32. R. R. Snelling, “Contributions toward a revision of the new world nomadine bees: a partitioning of the genus Nomada. Contributions in Science,” Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vol. 376, pp. 1–32, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  33. B. A. Alexander, “Species-groups and cladistic analysis of the cleotoparasitic bee genus Nomada,” University of Kansas Science Bulletin, vol. 55, pp. 175–238, 1994. View at Google Scholar