International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Automatic Tube Compensation versus Pressure Support Ventilation and Extubation Outcome in Children: A Randomized Controlled Study

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients in each group before the spontaneous breathing trial.

PS (19)ATC (17) value

Sex:
 Female: number (%)6 (31.6%)7 (41.2%)0.549
 Male: number (%)13 (68.4%)10 (58.8%)
Age (yrs): median (range)0.83 (0.08–13)1.25 (0.33–8)0.068
Cause of mechanical ventilation (MV):
 Acute respiratory failure: number (%)12 (63.2%)5 (29.4%)
 Neurological dysfunction: number (%)3 (15.8%)8 (47.1%)0.08
 Shock and sepsis: number (%)4 (21.1%)4 (23.5%)
MV* duration before trial: median (range)7 (2–40)11 (3–30)0.260
Pretrial rate: median (range)10 (5–30)8 (4–20)0.150
Pretrial FIO2: mean ± SD* 0.272
Pretrial OI*: mean ± SD* 0.539
Bronchodilators: number (%) 10 (52.6%)7 (41.2%)0.492
PRISM III score* on day 1 admission: mean ± SD* 0.787

*MV: mechanical ventilation.
*SD: standard deviation.
*PRISM III score: pediatric risk of mortality score.
*OI: oxygenation index.

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