International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Clinical Study

Automatic Tube Compensation versus Pressure Support Ventilation and Extubation Outcome in Children: A Randomized Controlled Study

Table 3

Risk factors for extubation failure during SBT in the study population.

FailedSuccessful value

Age (yrs): median (range)1 (0.2–13)0.87 (0.08–8)0.213
Sex:
 Female4 (30.8%)9 (69.2%)0.553
 Male 8 (34.8%)15 (65.2%)
Tachypnea: number (%) 6 (66.7%)3 (33.3%)0.022
Tachycardia: number (%) 9 (64.3%)5 (35.7%)0.003
Hypertension: number (%)5 (45.5%)6 (54.5%)0.259
Spontaneous tidal volume (mL/kg/sec): median (range)5.45 (1.2–11.5)6.35 (3.2–12)0.298
Increased work of breathing: number (%) 8 (61.5%)5 (38.5%)0.010
Increase need for suction: number (%) 2 (50.0%)2 (50.0%)0.407
Bronchodilators: number (%) 4 (23.5%)13 (76.5%)0.238
Trial type: number (%)
 PS6 (31.6%)13 (68.4%)0.813
 ATC6 (35.3%)11 (64.7%)
Failed PS trial: number (%) 5 (56%)4 (44%)0.259
Failed ATC trial: number (%)5 (83%)1 (17%)0.03
Pretrial rate: median (range)8 (6–19)10 (4–30)0.383
Pretrial FIO2: mean ± SD 0.099
Causes of M.V.:
 Acute respiratory failure6 (35.3%)11 (64.7%)
 Neurological dysfunction4 (36.4%)7 (63.6%)0.850
 Shock and sepsis 2 (25%)6 (75%)
Duration of M.V. before trial: median (range)14.5 (3–33)7.5 (2–40)0.207

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