Table of Contents
ISRN Agronomy
Volume 2013, Article ID 891792, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/891792
Research Article

Analysis of Some Technological and Physical Characters of Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) Fruit in Iran

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak 38156-8-8349, Iran

Received 9 March 2013; Accepted 9 April 2013

Academic Editors: S. Imhoff, Z. Yanqun, and M. Zhou

Copyright © 2013 Abdollah Khadivi-Khub. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Knowledge of the physical properties of date fruit is necessary for the design of postharvesting equipment such as cleaning, sorting, grading, kernel removing, and packing. Also, the physical and mechanical properties are incorporated in the development of the grading machine as a case study. In this study, some physical and mechanical properties of three mandarin cultivars, as promising fruits, were analyzed to help the design of handling machines. According to results, the greatest dimensional characteristics were found for Page cultivar, whereas Onsho cultivar showed the lowest sphericity value (93%), and the highest sphericity was observed in Clementine cultivar (97%). The specific gravity of Page cultivar was 0/97, and this cultivar had the biggest fruit. Thus, it may be used for export. The volume measured was 1% higher than the calculated assumed shape of the spheroid . The relationship between diameters and mass was linear, and the correlation was high for all studied cultivars and mixed cultivar (combined all data). There was a linear relation between mass and volume of the mixed cultivar of mandarin with a high coefficient of determination.