International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Dramatic Increases in Obesity and Overweight Prevalence among Asian Subgroups in the United States, 1992–2011

Table 3

Adjusted odds and prevalence1 of overweight (BMI ≥ 25) among the Asian/Pacific Islanders and the non-Hispanic whites aged 18+ and by selected sociodemographic characteristics: United States, 1992–2011.

Covariates 1992–1995 ( = 242,523)2006–2011 ( = 104,719)
OR 95% CI%SEOR 95% CI%SE

Race/ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white3.102.73–3.5146.20.22.902.51–3.3660.20.2
  Chinese1.00 Reference23.31.11.00 Reference36.11.6
  Asian Indian2.031.71–2.4036.81.92.392.03–2.8255.81.6
  Filipino2.001.70–2.3536.61.62.832.39–3.3659.71.3
  Korean1.271.06–1.5227.51.6
  Vietnamese0.660.53–0.8217.01.4
  Japanese1.711.37–2.1333.32.2
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander5.013.35–7.4957.14.57.155.03–10.1577.82.6
  Other APIs22.451.91–3.1340.92.71.351.15–1.5842.71.2
Duration of residence in the USA (years)
  <10.540.43–0.6832.62.50.490.31–0.7944.05.4
  1–50.690.60–0.8037.81.50.600.50–0.7248.52.1
  5–90.760.69–0.8439.81.10.610.52–0.7249.01.9
  10–140.810.73–0.9041.31.10.710.61–0.8252.31.8
  15+0.900.85–0.9543.50.60.810.75–0.8855.50.9
  US-born1.00 Reference45.90.21.00 Reference60.10.2
Age (years)
  18–24 1.00 Reference28.30.41.00 Reference39.40.7
  25–341.771.70–1.8540.40.31.951.82–2.0854.90.5
  35–442.392.29–2.5047.20.32.722.52–2.9462.50.5
  45–543.233.09–3.3854.20.33.052.84–3.2865.00.4
  55–643.383.22–3.5555.20.33.473.23–3.7467.80.4
  65+2.362.25–2.4847.00.32.452.27–2.6460.20.5
Gender
  Male1.00 Reference57.10.21.00 Reference68.30.3
  Female0.390.38–0.4035.10.20.460.44–0.4850.90.3
Education (years of school completed)
  0–81.551.48–1.6250.30.51.401.26–1.5461.21.0
  9–111.491.43–1.5649.40.41.351.26–1.4460.40.7
  121.361.32–1.3947.20.21.491.43–1.5662.70.4
  13–151.261.22–1.2945.50.31.461.40–1.5262.10.4
  16+1.00 Reference40.40.31.00 Reference53.70.4
Poverty status (ratio of family income to poverty threshold)3
 <100% 1.261.15–1.3848.41.01.111.03–1.1960.20.7
 100–199%1.221.17–1.2847.80.41.171.11–1.2461.40.6
 200–299%1.211.17–1.2647.60.31.141.08–1.2160.90.5
 300–399%1.201.16–1.2447.40.31.131.06–1.2060.70.6
 400–499%1.161.13–1.1946.50.31.091.03–1.1559.90.5
 ≥500%1.00 Reference43.30.31.00 Reference58.00.4

OR: odds ratio; SE: standard error; CI: confidence interval.
1Adjusted prevalence was derived from fitted logistic models that included survey year, age, gender, race/ethnicity, length of immigration, marital status, region of residence, education, and poverty status (or family income and family size).
2Other Asian categories include the Koreans, the Vietnamese, the Japanese, the Cambodians, the Laotians, the Hmongs, the Thais, the Pakistanis, and other Asian groups.
3The income categories during 1992–1995 were <7000, 7000–14999, 15000–24999, 25000–34999, 35000–49999, and 50000+. Family income, instead of poverty status, was used for the 1992–1995 NHIS.

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