International Scholarly Research Notices / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Effect of Physical Exercise on the Level of DNA Damage in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

Table 1

General and clinical characteristic in the COPD patients and control group.

CharacteristicCOPD ( ) PE-COPD ( )Control ( ) value

Sex
 Males, (%)21 (58)9 (60)28 (55)NS
 Females, (%)15 (42)6 (40)23 (45)NS
White ethnicity, (%)32 (89)13 (87)50 (98)NS
Age (years)a NS
BMI (kg/m2)a 0.025
Smoking habit
 Cigarettes-yearb10698 (1095–25550)#7924 (1095–21900)5814 (1095–14600) NS
 Smoking status
  Never/former/current4/21/11#1/13/122/25/4NS
 Smoking duration
  >30 years, (%)27 (84)#9 (64)9 (31)NS
Medications
 COPD drugs, (%)33 (92)15 (100)NS
 Corticosteroid, (%)16 (66)20 (74)NS
 Antihypertensive, (%)22 (61)5 (32)27 (53)NS
 Oxygen therapy, (%)7 (20)5 (34)NS
Comorbidities 26 (71)19 (70)38 (74)NS
 SAH, (%)10811NS
 Heart disease, (%)552
 Diabetes, (%)441
COPD status
 Mild, (%)7 (20)1 (6)NS
 Moderate, (%)10 (28)6 (40)NS
 Severe, (%)12 (33)4 (27)NS
 Very severe, (%)7 (19)4 (27)NS

Data are presented as mean ± SD; bmedian (minimum–maximum); BMI: body mass index; SAH: systemic arterial hypertension; , COPD compared with the PE-COPD; , COPD or PE-COPD compared with the control group.