Table of Contents
ISRN Corrosion
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 921825, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/921825
Research Article

An Investigation on Dislocation Density in Cold-Rolled Copper Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

1Technical Inspection Engineering Department, Petroleum University of Technology, Abadan, Iran
2Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 8415683111, Iran
3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

Received 7 February 2013; Accepted 1 March 2013

Academic Editors: C.-H. Hsu and S. J. Lee

Copyright © 2013 Elyas Rafiee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. C. Wang, Z. Zhu, and M. J. Starink, “Estimation of dislocation densities in cold rolled Al-Mg-Cu-Mn alloys by combination of yield strength data, EBSD and strength models,” Journal of Microscopy, vol. 217, no. 2, pp. 174–178, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Čiuplys, J. Vilys, V. Čiuplys, and V. Kvedaras, “Investigation of dislocation structure of low carbon steel during static loading,” Mechanika, vol. 4, pp. 59–66, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  3. H. D. Chandler, “Work hardening characteristics of copper from constant strain rate and stress relaxation testing,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 506, no. 1-2, pp. 130–134, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Kazeminezhad, “Relationship between the stored energy and indentation hardness of copper after compression test: models and measurements,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 3500–3504, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Maurel, V. Pagneux, F. Barra, and F. Lund, “Ultrasound as a probe of plasticity? The interaction of elastic waves with dislocations,” International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 2765–2781, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. B. Wang, J. C. Ho, Y. Cao et al., “Dislocation density evolution during high pressure torsion of a nanocrystalline Ni-Fe alloy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94, Article ID 091911, 3 pages, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Verdier, I. Groma, L. Flandin, J. Lendvai, Y. Bréchet, and P. Guyot, “Dislocation densities and stored energy after cold rolling of Al-Mg alloys: investigations by resistivity and differential scanning calorimetry,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 449–454, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Graça, R. Colaço, P. A. Carvalho, and R. Vilar, “Determination of dislocation density from hardness measurements in metals,” Materials Letters, vol. 62, pp. 3812–3814, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  9. G. E. Dieter and D. Bacon, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1988.
  10. F. Garofalo and H. A. Wriedt, “Density change in an austenitic stainless steel deformed in tension or compression,” Acta Metallurgica, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1007–1012, 1962. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. E. Smallman and R. J. Bishop, Modern Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Elsevier Science, 1999.
  12. R. E. Smallman and A. H. W. Ngan, Physical Metallurgy and Advanced Materials, Elsevier, Burlington, Vt, USA, 2007.
  13. D. B. Sirdeshmukh, L. Sirdeshmukh, and K. G. Subhadra, Atomistic Properties of Solids, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  14. F. Khodabakhshi and M. Kazeminezhad, “The effect of constrained groove pressing on grain size, dislocation density and electrical resistivity of low carbon steel,” Materials and Design, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 3280–3286, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Mujica, M. A. T. Cerda, R. Espinoza, J. Lisoni, and F. Lund, “Ultrasound as a probe of dislocation density in aluminum,” Acta Materialia, vol. 60, pp. 5828–5837, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. F. Barra, A. Caru, M. T. Cerda et al., “Measuring dislocation density in aluminum with resonant ultrasound spectroscopy,” International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 3561–3565, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. J. Sablik, “Modeling the effect of grain size and dislocation density on hysteretic magnetic properties in steels,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 89, no. 10, pp. 5610–5613, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. J. Sablik and F. J. G. Landgraf, “Modeling microstructural effects on hysteresis loops with the same maximum flux density,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 2528–2530, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Kobayashi, T. Kimura, S. Takahashi, Y. Kamada, and H. Kikuchi, “Quantitative evaluation of dislocation density using minor-loop scaling relations,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 320, no. 20, pp. e551–e555, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Yaegashi, “Dependence of magnetic susceptibility on dislocation density in tensile deformed iron and Mn-steel,” ISIJ International, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 327–332, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Kikuchi, Y. Henmi, T. Liu et al., “The relation between AC permeability and dislocation density and grain size in pure iron,” International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, vol. 25, no. 1–4, pp. 341–346, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Karimi Taheri, Kazeminezhad, and A. Kiet Tieu, “theoretical and experimental evaluation of dislocation density in a workpiece after forming,” Iranian Journal of Materials Science & Engineering, vol. 4, pp. 1–8, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  23. C. Garcia-Mateo, F. G. Caballero, C. Capdevila, and C. G. D. Andres, “Estimation of dislocation density in bainitic microstructures using high-resolution dilatometry,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 61, no. 9, pp. 855–858, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Miyamoto, K. Harada, T. Mimaki, A. Vinogradov, and S. Hashimoto, “Corrosion of ultra-fine grained copper fabricated by equal-channel angular pressing,” Corrosion Science, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1215–1220, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. W. Li and D. Y. Li, “Variations of work function and corrosion behaviors of deformed copper surfaces,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 240, no. 1–4, pp. 388–395, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Yin and D. Y. Li, “Effects of prior cold work on corrosion and corrosive wear of copper in HNO3 and NaCl solutions,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 394, no. 1-2, pp. 266–276, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. G. Kelly, J. R. Scully, D. W. Shoesmith, and R. G. Buchheit, Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering, Marcel Dekker, 2002.
  28. A. S. Hamdy, E. El-Shenawy, and T. El-Bitar, “Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy study of the corrosion behavior of some niobium bearing stainless steels in 3.5% NaCl,” International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol. 1, pp. 171–180, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  29. N. D. Cogger, An Introduction to Electrochemical Impedance Measurement, Solartron Analytical, 1999.
  30. E. Barsoukov and J. R. Macdonald, Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
  31. F. Scholz, Electroanalytical Methods: Guide to Experiments and Applications, Springer, 2010.
  32. X. Z. Yuan, C. Song, H. Wang, and J. Zhang, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, 2009.
  33. F. Barlat, M. V. Glazov, J. C. Brem, and D. J. Lege, “A simple model for dislocation behavior, strain and strain rate hardening evolution in deforming aluminum alloys,” International Journal of Plasticity, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 919–939, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. Abbaschian, R. E. Reed-Hill, and L. Abbaschian, Physical Metallurgy Principles, Cengage Learning, Stamford, Conn, USA, 2009.
  35. E. Hosseini and M. Kazeminezhad, “Dislocation structure and strength evolution of heavily deformed tantalum,” International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 605–610, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. W. D. Callister, Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  37. E. Schafler, M. Zehetbauer, and T. Ungàr, “Measurement of screw and edge dislocation density by means of X-ray Bragg profile analysis,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 319–321, pp. 220–223, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. A. Robin, G. A. S. Martinez, and P. A. Suzuki, “Effect of cold-working process on corrosion behavior of copper,” Materials & Design, vol. 34, pp. 319–324, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. C. Fonseca and M. A. Barbosa, “Corrosion behaviour of titanium in biofluids containing H2O2 studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy,” Corrosion Science, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 547–559, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. C. L. Zeng, W. Wang, and W. T. Wu, “Electrochemical impedance models for molten salt corrosion,” Corrosion Science, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 787–801, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. E. M. Sherif and S.-M. Park, “2-Amino-5-ethyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole as a corrosion inhibitor for copper in 3.0% NaCl solutions,” Corrosion Science, vol. 48, pp. 4065–4079, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. L. Hu, S. Zhang, W. Li, and B. Hou, “Electrochemical and thermodynamic investigation of diniconazole and triadimefon as corrosion inhibitors for copper in synthetic seawater,” Corrosion Science, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 2891–2896, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. E. S. M. Sherif, “Effects of 2-amino-5-(ethylthio)-1,3,4-thiadiazole on copper corrosion as a corrosion inhibitor in 3% NaCl solutions,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 252, no. 24, pp. 8615–8623, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Cubillos, M. Sancy, J. Pavez et al., “Influence of 8-aminoquinoline on the corrosion behaviour of copper in 0.1 M NaCl,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 55, pp. 2782–2792, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. S. M. Milić and M. M. Antonijević, “Some aspects of copper corrosion in presence of benzotriazole and chloride ions,” Corrosion Science, vol. 51, pp. 28–34, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. E. M. Sherif, R. M. Erasmus, and J. D. Comins, “Corrosion of copper in aerated synthetic sea water solutions and its inhibition by 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 309, no. 2, pp. 470–477, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus