Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 930479, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/930479
Research Article

Knowledge about HPV and Screening of Cervical Cancer among Women from the Metropolitan Region of Natal, Brazil

1Post-Graduate Program in Biological Sciences, Biosciences Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Sen. Salgado Filho s/n, Campus Universitário, Lagoa Nova, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil
2Pediatric Hospital, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Rua Gal. Cordeiro de Farias, s/n, Petrópolis, 59012-570 Natal, RN, Brazil
3Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Sen. Salgado Filho s/n, Campus Universitário, Lagoa Nova, 59072-970 Natal, RN, Brazil
4Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Rio Grande do Norte State, Rua Atirador Miguel Antônio da Silva Neto, s/n, Aeroporto, Mossoró, RN, Brazil
5Department of Statistics, Center of Exact Sciences and Earth, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Avenida Sen. Salgado Filho s/n, Campus Universitário, Lagoa Nova, 59078-970 Natal, RN, Brazil

Received 18 February 2013; Accepted 13 March 2013

Academic Editors: M. Friedrich, N. A. Ginsberg, C. Iavazzo, S. Palomba, and K. Yang

Copyright © 2013 Érika Galvão Lima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge level about HPV and screening of cervical cancer in women from the metropolitan region of Natal, Brazil. Materials and Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving sexually active women was conducted. The participants were submitted to a face-to-face interview, using a structured questionnaire that permitted the quantification of data and opinions of the respondents. Results. Most participants (70.9%) had poor knowledge about HPV and also the Pap test (53.0%). The high level of knowledge about HPV was associated with age, education, marital status, household income, and pregnancy, while the high level of knowledge about the Pap test proved to be associated only with education and household income. Conclusion. The results highlight the need for performing educational campaigns emphasizing the role of HPV in the etiology of cervical lesions of different degrees, including cervical cancer, as well as the importance of having a Pap test regularly to prevent these diseases.