Table of Contents
ISRN Geophysics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 947672, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/947672
Research Article

Theoretical Study on the Flow Generated by the Strike-Slip Faulting

1Division of Mathematics, General Education Center, Chienkuo Technology University, Changhua City 500, Taiwan
2International Wave Dynamics Research Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
3Tainan Hydraulic Laboratory and Research Center of Ocean Environment and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
4Department of Hydraulic and Ocean Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan

Received 25 April 2013; Accepted 22 May 2013

Academic Editors: G. Casula, E. Liu, and K. Maamaatuaiahutapu

Copyright © 2013 Chi-Min Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The flow driven by the strike-slip faulting is theoretically analyzed in this paper. The surface of the strike-slip fault is generally near vertical, and the corresponding plates move in horizontal directions during the faulting. The focus of present paper is on the flow at the early stage when the faulting is activated. Standard procedures for deriving the exact solution of the induced flow are first demonstrated. Based on the derived solution, flows generated by three kinds of faulting are examined to observe and compare the evolution of velocity profiles and the corresponding kinetic energy. The results show that the flow energy rapidly decays as the speed of the moving plates begins to slow down. Moreover, mathematical methods proposed in this study provide a useful basis for related studies on not only geophysics, but also fluid mechanics, industry manufacturing, heat-conduction problems, and other possible applications.