Table of Contents
ISRN Chemical Engineering
Volume 2013, Article ID 952589, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/952589
Research Article

A Comparative Study of Recycling of Used Engine Oil Using Extraction by Composite Solvent, Single Solvent, and Acid Treatment Methods

1College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro 76062, Pakistan
3Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Karachi 75280, Pakistan

Received 28 May 2013; Accepted 19 June 2013

Academic Editors: A. M. Seayad and F. Secundo

Copyright © 2013 Rashid Abro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Engine oils are made from crude oil and its derivatives by mixing of certain other chemicals (additives) for improving their certain properties. Lubricating oil is used to lubricate moving parts of engine, reducing friction, protecting against wear, and removing contaminants from the engine, act as a cleaning agent, and act as an anticorrosion and cooling agent. This research effort focuses on comparative study of re-refined engine oils by extraction of composite solvent, single solvent, and acid treatment methods. Composite solvent was made up of butanol-propane and butanone; propane was used as single solvent. Different properties of refined oil and waste oil were analyzed, such as cloud and pour point, flash point, specific gravity, ash content, viscosity, moisture ratio and acid value. On the basis of experimental work, it was found that the iron contamination decreased from 50 ppm to 13 ppm for composite solvent; for propane solvent it decreased up to 30 ppm and 15 ppm for acid treatment. Results from the flash point, pour point, viscosity, specific gravity, and ash percentage were improved at different degrees, but the best results were seen by using the composite solvent with having drawback of expensiveness.