Table of Contents
ISRN Addiction
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 968505, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/968505
Research Article

Significant Others, Knowledge, and Belief on Smoking as Factors Associated with Tobacco Use in Italian Adolescents

1Department of Psychology, University of Florence, Via di San Salvi 12, 50135 Florence, Italy
2Department of Pneumatology, AUSL of Bologna, Via Tiarini 10, 40129 Bologna, Italy
3Service of Health Promotion, ASL of Milano 1, Via al Donatore di Sangue 50, Magenta, 20013 Milan, Italy

Received 17 September 2012; Accepted 30 October 2012

Academic Editors: A. Adan, D. Barbaro, J. Krejci, and X. Liu

Copyright © 2013 Fiammetta Cosci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Tobacco use is dramatically increasing among youth. Growing attention has been addressed towards possible predictors of smoking in such a population. We evaluated a sample of Italian adolescents to verify whether adults and peers might influence their smoking status. Cross-sectional study was conducted in 16 schools of North Italy. Data were collected from 2001 to 2010 by means of a self-administered questionnaire on sociodemographic data and individual/social possible predictors of smoking. 2,444 students (56.7% boys; 43.3% girls; mean = 14.32 ± 1.384 years) were analysed. 607 (24.8%) were current smokers; 1,837 (75.2%) were nonsmokers. The presence of smokers in the family, seeing teachers who smoke, the influence of friends, and the feeling of inferiority were predictors of youth smoking as well as unawareness of nicotine dangerous action to health. Running the logistic multivariate analysis with all the variables listed above in the same model, the strongest predictors of smoking were as follows: being unaware that pipe/cigar is harmful to health as cigarettes; not knowing that passive smoking is harmful to the growth of children; having seen teachers smoking. The present findings help to identify the variables that might favour smoking in youth. Such variables should become the target of prevention programs.