Table of Contents
ISRN Addiction
Volume 2013, Article ID 968505, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/968505
Research Article

Significant Others, Knowledge, and Belief on Smoking as Factors Associated with Tobacco Use in Italian Adolescents

1Department of Psychology, University of Florence, Via di San Salvi 12, 50135 Florence, Italy
2Department of Pneumatology, AUSL of Bologna, Via Tiarini 10, 40129 Bologna, Italy
3Service of Health Promotion, ASL of Milano 1, Via al Donatore di Sangue 50, Magenta, 20013 Milan, Italy

Received 17 September 2012; Accepted 30 October 2012

Academic Editors: A. Adan, D. Barbaro, J. Krejci, and X. Liu

Copyright © 2013 Fiammetta Cosci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group, “Tobacco use among youth:a cross country comparison,” Tobacco Control, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 252–270, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), “Preventing tobacco use among young people: a report of the Surgeon General,” Washington, DC, USA, Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1994.
  3. R. Mermelstein, “Teen smoking cessation,” Tobacco Control, vol. 12, pp. i25–i34, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. P. Pierce and E. Gilpin, “How long will today's new adolescent smoker be addicted to cigarettes?” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 86, no. 2, pp. 253–256, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Pénzes, E. Czeglédi, P. Balázs, and K. L. Foley, “Factors associated with tobacco smoking and the belief about weight control effect of smoking among Hungarian adolescents,” Central European Journal of Public Health, vol. 20, pp. 11–17, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  6. H. van Minh, P. T. Hai, K. B. Giang et al., “Effects of individual characteristics and school environment on cigarette smoking among students ages 13-15: a multilevel analysis of the 2007 global youth tobacco survey (GYTS) data from Vietnam,” Global Public Health, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 307–319, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Patterson, C. Lerman, V. G. Kaufmann, G. A. Neuner, and J. Audrain-McGovern, “Cigarette smoking practices among american college students: review and future directions,” Journal of American College Health, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 203–210, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Turner, R. Mermelstein, and B. Flay, “Individual and contextual influences on adolescent smoking,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1021, pp. 175–197, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Geckova, J. P. van Dijk, T. van Ittersum-Gritter, J. W. Groothoff, and D. Post, “Determinants of adolescents' smoking behaviour: a literature review,” Central European Journal of Public Health, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 79–87, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Lee, C. Johnson, J. Rice, C. W. Warren, and T. Chen, “Smoking beliefs and behavior among youth in South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand,” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. In press.
  11. S. Rozi, Z. A. Butt, and S. Akhtar, “Correlates of cigarette smoking among male college students in Karachi, Pakistan,” BMC Public Health, vol. 7, article 312, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. E. Gilman, R. Rende, J. Boergers et al., “Parental smoking and adolescent smoking initiation: an intergenerational perspective on tobacco control,” Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. e274–e281, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. K. Mak, S. Y. Ho, and J. R. Day, “Smoking of parents and best friend—independent and combined effects on adolescent smoking and intention to initiate and quit smoking,” Nicotine Tob Res, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1057–1064, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. B. Wold, T. Torsheim, C. Currie, and C. Roberts, “National and school policies on restrictions of teacher smoking: a multilevel analysis of student exposure to teacher smoking in seven European countries,” Health Education Research, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 217–226, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. H. Poulsen, M. Osler, C. Roberts, P. Due, M. T. Damsgaard, and B. E. Holstein, “Exposure to teachers smoking and adolescent smoking behaviour: analysis of cross sectional data from Denmark,” Tobacco Control, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 246–251, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. D. Sargent and M. Dalton, “Does parental disapproval of smoking prevent adolescents from becoming established smokers?” Pediatrics, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 1256–1262, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Courtois, N. Caudrelier, E. Legay, G. Lalande, A. Halimi, and C. Jonas, “Influence ofparental tobacco dependence andparenting styles onadolescents' tobacco use,” Presse Medicale, vol. 36, no. 10 I, pp. 1341–1349, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. A. Christophi, E. C. G. Savvides, C. W. Warren, P. Demokritou, and G. N. Connolly, “Main determinants of cigarette smoking in youth based on the 2006 Cyprus GYTS,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 232–236, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. F. Sly, E. Trapido, and S. Ray, “Evidence of the dose effects of an antitobacco counteradvertising campaign,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 511–518, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. C. Farrelly, C. G. Healton, K. C. Davis, P. Messeri, J. C. Hersey, and M. L. Haviland, “Getting to the truth: evaluating national tobacco countermarketing campaigns,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 92, no. 6, pp. 901–907, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. A. Glantz and P. Jamieson, “Attitudes toward secondhand smoke, smoking, and quitting among young people,” Pediatrics, vol. 106, no. 6, article E82, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. X. Ma, Y. Tan, C. Y. Fang, J. I. Toubbeh, and S. E. Shive, “Knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding secondhand smoke among Asian Americans,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 446–453, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Mbulo, “Changes in exposure to secondhand smoke among youth in Nebraska, 2002–2006,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 5, no. 3, article A84, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Bowen and A. S. Kurz, “Smoking, nicotine dependence, and motives to quit in Asian American versus caucasian college students,” Nicotine Tob Res, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1235–1240, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. G. Prat and A. Adan, “Influence of circadian typology on drug consumption, hazardous alcohol use, and hangover symptoms,” Chronobiology International, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 248–257, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Adan, G. Prat, and M. Sánchez-Turet, “Effects of nicotine dependence on diurnal variations of subjective activation and mood,” Addiction, vol. 99, no. 12, pp. 1599–1607, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus