Table of Contents
ISRN Electronics
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 968749, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/968749
Research Article

Current Controlled Differential Difference Current Conveyor Transconductance Amplifier and Its Application as Wave Active Filter

1Department of Electronics and Communications, Delhi Technological University, Bawana Road, Delhi 110042, India
2Department of Electronics and Communications, IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh-201009, India

Received 17 November 2012; Accepted 10 December 2012

Academic Editors: H. A. Alzaher and H.-C. Chien

Copyright © 2013 Neeta Pandey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. FerriI and N. C. Guerrini, Low-Voltage Low-Power CMOS Current Conveyors, Kluwer Academic, London, UK.
  2. R. L. Geiger and E. Sanchez-Sinencio, “Active filter design using operational transconductance amplifiers: a tutorial,” IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 20–32, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Toumazou, “Pynea, current feedback opamp: a blessing in disguise?” IEEE Circuits and Devices Magazine, vol. 10, pp. 43–47, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. S. Sedra and K. C. Smith, “A second generation current conveyor its application,” IEEE Transactions on Circuit Theory, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 132–134, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I. A. Awad and A. M. Soliman, “Inverting second generation current conveyors: the missing building blocks, CMOS realizations and applications,” International Journal of Electronics, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 413–432, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Fahre, “High frequency applications based on a new current controlled conveyor,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 82–91, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. O. Elwan and A. M. Soliman, “Novel CMOS differential voltage current conveyor and its applications,” IEE Proceedings Circuits Devices Systems, vol. 144, pp. 195–200, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  8. F. Kafe and C. Psychalinos, “Differential voltage class-AB current controlled current conveyor,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits, and Systems (ICECS '10), pp. 458–461, December 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. Chiu, S. I. Liu, H. W. Tsao, and J. J. Chen, “CMOS differential difference current conveyors and their applications,” IEE Proceedings on Circuits Devices Systems, vol. 143, pp. 91–96, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  10. P. Prommee and M. Somdunyakanok, “CMOS-based current-controlled DDCC and its applications to capacitance multiplier and universal filter,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Prokop and V. Musil, “CCTA-a new modern circuit block and its internal realization,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Electronic Devices and Systems (IMAPSCZ '05), pp. 89–93.
  12. W. Jaikla, P. Silapan, C. Chanapromma, and M. Siripruchyanun, “Practical implementation of CCTA based on commercial CCII and OTA,” in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ISPACS '08), 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Siripruchyanun and W. Jaikla, “Current controlled current conveyor transconductance amplifier (CCCCTA): a building block for analog signal processing,” Electrical Engineering, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 443–453, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Jantakun, N. Pisutthipong, and M. Siripruchyanun, “A synthesis of temperature insensitive/electronically controllable floating simulators based on DV-CCTAs,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON '09), pp. 560–563, May 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Jaikla, M. Siripruchyanun, and A. Lahiri, “Resistorless dual-mode quadrature sinusoidal oscillator using a single active building block,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 135–140, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Pandey and S. K. Paul, “Differential difference current conveyor transconductance amplifier (DDCCTA): a new analog building block for signal processing,” Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 2011, Article ID 361384, 10 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. E. A. Soliman and S. A. Mahmoud, “New CMOS fully differential current conveyor and its application in realizing sixth order complex filter,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '09), pp. 57–60, May 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. A. Ibrahim and H. Kuntman, “A novel high CMRR high input impedance differential voltage-mode KHN-biquad employing DO-DDCCs,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 429–433, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Wupper and K. Meerkoetter, “New active filter synthesis based on scattering parameters,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 594–602, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. Haritantis, A. G. Constantinides, and T. Deliyannis, “Wave active filters,” Proceedings of the IEE, vol. 123, no. 7, pp. 676–682, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Koukiou and C. Psychalinos, “Modular filter structures using current feedback operational amplifiers,” Radioengineering, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 662–666, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Pandey and P. Kumar, “Realization of resistorless wave active filter using differential voltage current controlled conveyor transconductance amplifier,” Radioengineering, vol. 20, pp. 911–916, 2011. View at Google Scholar