Table of Contents
ISRN Metallurgy
Volume 2013, Article ID 981597, 6 pages
Research Article

CFD Model Study of a New Four-Port Submerged Entry Nozzle for Decreasing the Turbulence in Slab Casting Mold

Department of Metallurgy & Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667, Uttarakhand, India

Received 5 September 2013; Accepted 12 October 2013

Academic Editors: Y. Hao, Y.-d. Wang, and T. Yue

Copyright © 2013 Debasish Chatterjee. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In recent years, the continuous casting process in which molten metal is constantly cast into semifinished shapes has been widely adopted in the steel and nonferrous metal producing industry, mainly due to its economic advantages associated with increased yields and the elimination of intermediate processing steps. Turbulent flow in submerged entrance nozzle and mold of continuous casting is associated with costly failure such as the entrainment of slag inclusions and the formation of surface defects. A number of previously studies have analyzed the flow. A CFD model study has done to decrease the turbulence within the mold by developing a 4-port submerged entry nozzle in comparison with conventional 2-port submerged entry nozzle. VOF (volume of fluid) simulation study has been done to find out the effect of turbulence within mold on slag metal interaction, level fluctuation, and risk of breakout. In all the cases the performance of new 4-port SEN over 2-port SEN has been compared by plotting graph.