Table of Contents
ISRN Otolaryngology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 101370, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/101370
Research Article

Maxillofacial Fractures in the Province of Pescara, Italy: A Retrospective Study

1Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Spirito Santo Hospital, Via Fonte Romana 8, 65124 Pescara, Italy
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Spirito Santo Hospital, Via Fonte Romana 8, 65124 Pescara, Italy

Received 4 November 2013; Accepted 3 December 2013; Published 23 January 2014

Academic Editors: K. Ishikawa and G. Ottaviano

Copyright © 2014 Giuliano Ascani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to assess the etiology and pattern of maxillofacial fractures in the Province of Pescara, Abruzzo, Central Italy. Was performed a retrospective review of patients treated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery of Spirito Santo Hospital from January 2010 to December 2012. Data collected and analyzed included sex, age, cause of injury, site of fracture, monthly distribution, and alcohol misuse. A total of 306 patients sustaining 401 maxillofacial fractures were treated. There were 173 males (56.5%) and 133 females (43.5%). Most of the patients (36.9%) were in the age group of 18–44 years. The most common causes of injuries were road traffic accidents (26.4%); the second leading cause was interpersonal violence (23.2%), followed by injuries associated with falls (19.2%). Fractures of the mandible (31%) and zygoma (23%) were the most common maxillofacial fractures in our study. The monthly distribution peaked in the summer (July and August, 30.4%) and in October (13.1%). In conclusion, this study confirms the close correlation between the incidence and etiology of facial fractures and the geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic features of a population. The data obtained provide important information for the design of future plans for injury prevention and for education of citizens.